Techniques to help advance your students in the classroom


Memory is in any system; human, animal, or machine, that encodes, stores, and retrieves information. It is the persistence of learning over time through storage and retrieval of information.


  • structural encoding- how things look and are shaped
  • phonemic encoding- remembering sounds
  • acoustic encoding- take information and turn it into sounds
  • semantic encoding- remembering stuff that has meaning better than their structure and sounds
  • automatic processing- learning to read reversed sentences at first requires effort, it becomes more automatic
  • effortful processing- requires attention and effort

Three Steps of Memory

Effective way for students to remember information

Mnemonic Devices

  1. Chunking- you can chunk different information together to remember (ex: 123-456, instead of 123456)
  2. Music- you can make up different words to remember what things are in music (ex: FACE for SPaces on the treble music staff)
  3. Spelling- you can make up different sayings to remember how to spell things (ex: A rat in the house may eat the ice cream; Arithmetic
  4. Grammar Rules- you can make different rhymes and things to remember your grammar (ex: I before E except after c)
  5. Math and Science- you can make different sayings and such to remember different properties of math and science (ex: PEMDAS; parenthesis, exponents, multiply, divide, add, subtract)
  6. Random- there are some extra ways to remember things (ex: For driving: Up, Up, and Away- when parking your car on an up grade the wheels should turn away.

Talk to Mr. Campbell at CHS for more information on Memory

Cinnaminson High School
Cinnaminson, NJ