The Five W's of the Crusades

By Jonathan Gomez and Shaheen Shafiee

The First Crusade

What: started as a widespread pilgrimage (France and Germany) and ended as a military expedition

When: it lasted from 1096 to 1099

Who: Roman Catholic Europe to regain the Holy Lands taken in the Muslim conquests

Where: near the east( Palestine area)

Why: the Muslims took the holy land and the Christians wanted to fight for it and take it back.

Result: decisive crusader victory

The Second Crusade

What: second major crusade launched from Europe

When: it lasted from 1145 to 1149

Who: Christians and Muslims

Where: Iberia, near east.

Why: it began in response to the fall of the county of edessa

Result: Decisive Muslim victory in the Holy Land

The Third Crusade

What: also known as kings crusade

When: lasted from 1189-1192

Who: Christians and Muslims

Where: near east

Why: to reconquer the holy land from Saladin

Result: Crusader military victory.