FDR's Early Foreign Policy

By: Josh Martin

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Neutrality Acts 1935-1939

Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 states that when America says there is a war, rules will go into effect to keep the U.S. out of a conflict.
  • No american could sail on a belligerent ship
  • sell or transport munitions to a belligerent
  • make loans to a belligerent

Neutrality act of 1937

  • Placed an arms embargo on Spain
  • Extended the current embargo to Britain and France

Because they needed France and Britain needed the materials from the U.S., the government passed the Neutrality Act of 1939.

  • European democracies could buy munitions from the U.S. if they transported them with their own ships.
  • U.S. avoided loans, war debts, and the torpedoing of American arms-carriers.
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Destroyer-for-Bases Deal

  • During the Battle of Britain, sympathy grew for the British forces.
  • On September 20, 1940, the U.S. gave Britain 50 leftover from WWI
  • In return, the U.S. received 8 valuable defensive base sites.
  • This violated the neutrality acts.
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Land Lease Act of 1941

  • Also known as "An Act Further to Promote the Defense of the United States"
  • Allowed the U.S. to lend or lease arms to democracies that needed them
  • After the war, the arms would be returned.
  • The limitless supply would allow forces in the east to finish the war and keep it on their hemisphere.
  • Ended any form of Neutrality
  • Hitler saw it as an unofficial declaration of war and sent German U-boats to attack american ships
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Atlantic Charter of 1941

  • Because Russian surrender was very possible, the Atlantic Conference was held in August of 1941.
  • FDR and Winston Churchill came up with an eight-point Atlantic Charter.
  • There would be no territorial changes, countries had the right to choose their own government, declared a disarmament, and pending a new League of Nations.