The North and South

How they differed


In the 1800's, the United States north and south differed greatly. To compare the two, we will talk about the geography, economy, transportation, and society of each.

The North

The geography in the north was four seasons , long winters and short summers for most. The central plains had the best farmland and the Atlantic coast was perfect for harbors, shipbuilding, fishing, and commerce. Also the landscape had changed because of industrious northerners.

The economy of the north used factories and machines as a major part of it. new inventions were made which made most manual things more efficient. Like the steal tipped plow or the reaper because they could harvest the crops a lot faster than by hand. Also steam engines gave the ability not to be by a river to power the factories.

The Transpotation of the north built better roads which connected the east states with the west. Canals were also built to connect two bodies of water for travel. Also the invention of the steamboat made travel by boat much faster than a normal boat. And, by the 1860's, 20,000 miles of rail were laid down connecting factories to cities.

The society of the north had more and more people moving from farms to cities. African Americans were free but they were not treated equal. 4 million immigrants, mainly from Ireland and Germany, came to the United States. Also the cities were really dirty and diseases spread quickly.

The South

The geography of the south was mild winters, long, hot summers, and plentiful rainfall. Parts of the southern farmlands stretch for 300 miles. Flat broad rivers that could be used by ships to go do business with farmers. Also some farmers went into the Appalacians and farmed on the steep lands.

The economy of the south was based on agriculture. The majority of southerners made their living off the land. The cotton gin made cotton the most important crop. And because of the cotton gin, the demand for slaves and land increased.

The transportation of the south was by boat for main transportation. The Mississippi was the largest waterway in the south. Cotton was the most important crop that was shipped. And, unlike the north, only 10,000 miles rails were laid down.

The society of the south wealth was deterrmined by the amount of slaves and land you had. 10% of people were to poor to own land. Many children were illiterate because there were few schools. Also there was little incentive to grow the economy when they had slaves.

North and South photos