The Southwest Region

Region of the U.S.

States and Cities

The Southwest Region consists of 4 states- Texas, Oklahoma, Arizona, and New Mexico. The capitals are Austin, Oklahoma City, Phoenix, and Santa Fe, respectively. Some of the major cities within these states are Dallas, Tucson, Albuquerue, and Tulsa.
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History of the States

In Texas, the first people to settle were the Spanish missionaries. They arrived in 1718 and after some conflict with the Mexian government, Texas became a part of the United States on December 29, 1845.

Originally, Oklahoma was part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, but it became an official state on November 16, 1907.

Part of Arizona and New Mexico used to be the same land, but they were given to the United States during the Gadsden Purchase around 1853-54. In 1863, Arizona became its own territory, and on February 14, 1912, Arizona became an official state. On January 6, 1912, New Mexico became an official state.


The climate of the southwest Region is mostly arid. As the southern-most part of the U.S., the temperatures in this area are very high and precipitation is low. There are often droughts and this is an issue that scientists have started noticing. Online, there are several websites about dangerous climate change in the region and it is becoming a concern.

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Physical Features and Tourism

Some of the physical features in the Southwest Region include the Grand Canyon, Colorado River, Coastal Plains, Great Plains, Rocky Mountains, Rio Grande River, and Colorado Plateau. One of the most popular tourist locations in the Southwest is the Grand Canyon. This canyon is located in Arizona and it is known for its beauty and wonderful view. It is great for hiking, and the fact that the Colorado River runs through the canyon makes the view so much better.

Economy and Natural Resources

Some of the main natural resources in this region are coal, petroleum, oil, natural gas, and copper. For the region's economy, each state has its own most important industry. For Texas, oil is the most important resource for its economy. In Oklahoma, the petroleum and natural gas industries are the biggest industries in the state. In Arizona, manufacturing is its most important economic activity, but copper is Arizona's most valuable mineral. For New Mexico, different kinds of minerals are its important resources. The economy of this region as a whole has not changed much, in context of natural resources. Oil and other fuels are still very big and minerals are still playing a big role in the economy. It could be inferred that the economy of the Southwest Region contributes a bit more to the region, seeing as none of the main industries are very helpful to the nation as a whole.

What Makes This Region Unique?

There are many things that make the Southwest Region unique. The climate is different compared to other regions, as it is the driest and most arid region in the nation. In physical features, this region has the Grand Canyon- very one-of-a-kind in the U.S. This region also leads America in oil and petroleum, as well as copper. The land is just filled with natural resources. Overall, the Southwest Region is very special and there are many factors that make the region both beautiful and unique.
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