Causes of the American Revolution
1763-1776 by Cole Claessen
The American Revolution
The American Revolution was the time when the colonists claimed independence from Britain and made the United States. Some causes of this were: Britain taxing the Colonists, Mercantilism, and Britain basically like taking their rights. There were some weird economic policies were they taxed the Colonies after the French and Indian War and one more economic thing Britain did was put a tax on tea for a while. Also I think the colonists were right by claiming independence because Britain was basically making them slaves.
Items taxes in the Townshend Acts were tea, paper and glass. The Daughters of Liberty responded by making their own cloth and rebelling. After the repeal of the Townshend acts there was still a law on tea to show that Britain still had power over the 13 colonies. Although the Daughters of Liberty protested by Boycotting and making their own cloth, the Sons of Liberty used violence against tax collectors.
On March 5, 1770 the colonists argued with the soldiers and started a fight in where the Redcoats killed 5 men. Samuel Adams responded by saying this incident was a propaganda. While John Adams was a lawyer and responded by claiming they were innocent. The soldiers never got charged.
The Tea Act & Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act was a law made by King George in where Tea was only available in the British East India Company but it was still cheaper than normal tea. The colonists were still unhappy though cause they had to pay a tax on tea, were tricked to protesting and they didn't like that Britain was taking away their rights. The Sons of Liberty disguised as Native Americans and smuggled tea onto the Boston Harbor.
The Coercive Act (Intolerable Acts)
The colonists called the Coercive Acts the Intolerable Acts cause they were so harsh. The Intolerable Acts came with four laws: All trade was stopped with Boston and Britain , It didn't allow town meetings anymore, Gave Britain control of their colony and strengthened the quartering act. The colonies were pretty furious as they could not trade with other colonies and Britain was taking their rights.
The Navigation Acts were to put Mercantilism into practice. The two rules that had to be followed when trading goods were that they had to trade with England or colonial ships. The Sugar Act made people buy more expensive sugar from the British West Indies. Colonists opposed this cause they didn't want to have to buy more costly sugar from one place. The most horrid of the Navigation Act was the Currency Act in where you could not go mining for gold or silver and had to buy the ores from Britain.
The Proclamation of 1763
After the French and Indian war and Pontaic's Rebellion England created the Proclamation of 1763. King George Issued the proclamation so that no war was started again. The colonists got angered by this cause the British were trying to control what they could do.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act taxed anything that was printed on paper. The Stamp Act was created to pay off debt from the French and Indian war that England needed to pay. The Committees of Correspondence protested by going to colonial towns and teaching the colonists how to fight back against England. Samuel Adams also made the Sons of Liberty which used violence against Britain in hopes of them repealing the law. At the Stamp Act Congress the Colonists said that the colonial government should tax the colonists not the king of England. King George responded to these protests by repealing the Stamp Act.
Because of all the protests from the Stamp Act Britain sent more troops to keep order in the towns. The Quartering Act made colonists have to house soldiers if asked with food, a bed, and tea. The colonists didn't like that they lost right to their property and also they didn't like soldiers standing around with blank nights. Writs of Assistance were blank warrants that soldiers carried that they could sign themselves.