The Great Savanna Grassland


The African Savanna covers 27 countries
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Abiotic Factors

Weather: winters are dry and cool, summers are humid, hot, and wet

Percepitation: can go through droughts but not as dry as a desert

Soil: during the dry season it doesn't have the ability to grow plants

Native Plants and Their Adaptations

Baobab Tree: Stores large amounts of water in their trunk to use in the dry seasons

Acacia tree: Have thorns to protect them from being eaten by large herbivores

Native Animals and Their Adaptations

Elephant: Uses their trunk to tear open the trunk of the baobab tree and sucks out all of the water

Fork tailed drongo: Attracted to active fires because it waits for fleeing or roasted insects and then eats them

Lion: Their fur camouflages with the grass so they can sneak up on their prey

Cooperation and competition

The Elephant and Baobab tree have a relationship of parasitism because the Elephant takes all the Baobab trees water.

The cheetah and the wilda beast have a relationship parasitism because the cheetah kills the wilda beast

Recreational Activities

Wildlife Safari: Go to east Africa to the Serengeti and Masai Mara two adjoining wildlife parks

Birding: Hire a trained guide from a rural village to lead you on a nature walk and tell you what birds are called what

Rafting: Tour operators offer easy raft floats down the Nile river

Nearby Biomes

Sahara Desert

Congo Rainforest

Precipitation and Temerature

Temperature: 68 to 86 Fahrenheit

Percipitation: May to September there is 100 inches of rain with an average of 20 inches per month and thought the entire dry season there is only about 4 inches of rain

Supplies and gear

Summer: Short sleeve shirt, shorts, athletic socks,hiking shoes, casual shoes, sunglasses, wide brimmed hat, sunscreen, lip balm, and insect repellent

Winter: light fleece jacket, sweaters, gloves, heavy winter athletic coat, vest or long pants with a lot of pockets so other supplies are easily accessible, long socks, and shoes

Endangered Species

Black rhino: population 4,800

Grevy zebra: population 2,500

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Threats to biome

Humans have built factories, mines, houses and farms in the african savanna and that affects the environment

Humans have hunted many animals in the savanna and now many of them are becoming endangered

Global Importance

The black rhino and the elephant in the African savanna help benefit the rest of the world because their horns are very valuable and lots of the worlds Ivory comes from their horns