30 years war

By: Makenna Lundin


The 30 years war started in 1618 and ended in 1648. The war was between the catholic and protestant churches. It drained resources from countries like Germany and Italy. Many sicknesses went around and soldiers had to fund themselves. There were many treaties that made up the peace of Westphalia. The war helped to remap the political and religious mapping of central Europe. Sadly, twenty percent of Germany's population died as the war was going on. It all started when Ferdinand II tried to overthrow the Roman Catholic churches. Some of the war was over territorial issues but it was mostly over religion. Some armies plunder towns and villages leaving them barren and desolate. This was called the Wolf strategy.

Connection to the Present Day

The 30 years war was seen as the mast destructive war until the 20th Century. Historians suggest that countries whom had armies and didn't march through flourished. In the centuries after the war the German people still suffered. even after the war was over some still felt unsafe, A couple centuries later immigration would mean promise for still struggling Germans even after the war. The end of the holy roman empire was a key part in the modern European state system.


The 30 year war negatively affected Europe. It killed farmers crops and helped to spread disease. To pay for the armies the government had to raise taxes to pay for the shelter and food for the men. This caused many people get angry and start a rebellion. However, for some, the war was helpful for it changed the religious map of Europe.

Five Fun Facts

  • In the year 1625 Keiser Ferdinand II gave Wallenstine control of the Imperial army.
  • Schiller, a famous German poet, devoted a trilogy for Wallenstein.
  • Wallenstein was married twice.
  • France supported Sweden with one million dollars in the war.
  • The war caused famine and many diseases for many of the countries in the war.


The French intervention and continued Swedish participation had an influence in the war. In 1631, a French diplomat signed a treaty saying they would support Sweden in the war.


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