Salt Marshes

BY: Noeli Cabrera

Introduction

Salt Marshes are a home to many wildlife in the US. They are usually brackish, and often waterlogged. Some animals consists of fish, shellfish, raccoons, blue crabs, crabs, birds, phytoplankton, and more. Some impacts these marshes have on humans are mosquito control, dumping of domestic industrial liquid, and solid waste. It has made a wonderful impact on the world and it's animals.
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Biotic + Abiotic Factors

Biotic:


  • Clapper Rail - Rallus Longirostris
  • Seaside Sparrow
  • Smooth Cordgrass
  • Black Needlerush
  • Turtles
  • Algae

Abiotic:



  • Salt
  • Water ( Brackish, Waterlogged, Salty )
  • Fine-grain clay mixed soil
  • Small tides
  • Warm Temperature

Water: Florida's Lifeblood

The water in a salt marsh is very brackish, waterlogged often salty, but it's effects on the world have been good.


  1. It is used to keep mosquitos away
  2. Partially restores natural functions of grid - ditched marshes
  3. Includes a variety of Hydrologic Manipulations

Endangered Species In Salt Marshes

One Endangered Species in Salt Marshes are the California Clapper Rail ( ALSO CALLED THE RALLUS lONGIROSTRIS OBSOLETUS ) , when not endangered it has been safely living along the west coast of North America, over time it has been majorly and dramatically reduced by hunting in the late 1800s. It has been legally official that it is illegal to hunt the animal in 1915, yet this one wonderful good thing was hard to keep up. Since They have been losing their habitat, it was finally declared an endangered species,because the animal lives in the wild it was likely going to be hunted down by it's predators. The feral cats and red foxes but the birds at greater risk of being extinct. People are trying hard to make a better habitat for these birds and yet the only way was to restore the marshes.

Scientific Classification Of A Clapper Rail

Classification of A Clapper Rail


Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordate

Class: Aves

Order: Gruiformes

Family: Rallidae

Genus: Rallus

Species: R. crepitans

Rallus crepitans Clapper rail, Scientific name

  1. Clapper rail

    Bird

  2. The clapper rail is a member of the rail family, Rallidae. The taxonomy for this species is confusing and still being determined. The Ridgway's rail and the mangrove rail have been recently split. Wikipedia

  3. Scientific name: Rallus crepitans

  4. Rank: Species

  5. Higher classification: Rallus

  6. Lower classifications: Light-footed Clapper Rail, Yuma Clapper Rail

Food web

Producers:
  • Algae
  • Cord grass
  • Black Needlerush


Consumers:

  • Turtles
  • Crabs
  • Otter
  • Periwinkle
  • fish *
  • Clapper Rail - Rallus Longirostris
  • Seaside Sparrow
  • Black Needlerush


Decomposers:

  • Bacteria
  • Fungi
  • Worms

Food Web below

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Human Impacts On The Ecosystem

Benefits:


  • It helps on mosquito control
  • Filter water
  • Buffer against storm erosion
  • Provide essential nursery habitat for important fishery species
  • Highly sensitive indicators of environmental change and impacts
  • Helps provide a wasteland
  • Provides food for animals ( occasional flooding )

Threats:


  • Highly sensitive indicators of environmental change and impacts
  • Roads and railroads severed their connection to the sea ( it reduces and or eliminates tidal flooding )
  • Invasions of foreign species
  • Pollution ( Nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, from fertilizers, septic systems, and farm waste are common pollutants that in high enough concentrations can change the structure and function of natural ecosystems )