Taiga Biome

By: Talya, Alexis, April, Jadlen

Where is the taiga biome?

The taiga Biome is located only in the northern part of the northern hemisphere. It spreads from Alaska, through Canada, to Siberia, which has the largest areas of taiga.

What is the weather like in the Taiga?



Taiga is a snow climate, while the means there is enough precipitation in all months. The means that fewer than 4 months have an average temperature over 50° F (10° C).

The taiga climate is for the most part dominated by cold arctic air. Exceptionally cold winds bring bitterly cold air from the Arctic Circle: the temperatures fall even more on clear nights when there is no cloud cover. Because of earth's tilt, the taiga is turned away from the sun in the winter. Less of the sun's radiation reaches the ground to warm it up.

Winter, with it's freezing cold temperatures, lasts for six to seven months. Summer is a rainy, hot and short season in the taiga. Fall is the shortest season for taiga. Spring brings flowers, the frozen ponds melt, and the animals come out from hibernation

The temperature range, as you can see, is -65° F to 70°F (-54 to 21° C). For half of the year, the average temperature is below freezing. In the winter the average air temperature is warmer than it is for tundra, which lies north of the taiga.

The taiga climate has an average annual rainfall of 12 - 33 inches (30 - 84 cm). Most of it falls in the summer as rain.

The corresponding biome would be the Taiga biome. The global range for taiga goes all around the world from Alaska, to Canada, Scandinavia, Russia and China. Taiga climate is only found in the northern hemisphere, because there isn't enough land mass in the southern hemisphere to create a taiga climate there.


The best time to visit the Taiga Biome is in the spring or summer because the winters are freezing. In the spring and summer the flowers bloom, the animals come out

animals

The American Black bear-

Its genus is Urus and its species is American.It weighs 220 to 594 lbs. Their diet is 75%plants, 25% small animals. They mate in the summer, and give birth in the winter. The cubs are born blind and weigh 8-11lbs.

The Bald Eagle-

The Bald Eagle is the national bird of the US. Its genus is Haliaeetus and, its species is leucocephalus. The Bald eagle weighs 8-12 pound. Its wingspan is 7 feet. It eats dead animals, chicken, and fish

The Bobcat

The Bobccats genus is Felis and its species is rufus. Its 2 feet long and weighs 13-23 pounds. It mainly eats mice, squirells, rabbits, and birds.

Plants in the Taiga

There aren’t many plants do to the extreme cold. There are lichens and mosses but not many flowers. Most are coniferous and have long, thin, and waxy needles to reduce evaporation so the trees can save water during the winter. The needle like design reduces the amount of water on the leaves to escape the plant. Examples of plants and trees in the Taiga are: Balsam Fir, Black Spruce, Douglas-fir, Eastern Red Cedar, Jack Pine, Paper Birch, Siberian Spruce, White Fir, White Poplar; White Spruce. Scince it snows alot in the Taiga biome the trees are also coned shaped, to evenly distribute the snow over tree, so they doen’t fall over.

Places and Things to Do in the Taiga

Some major cities in the taiga are Moscow and Toronto. Some popular activities are snow boarding, skiing, wildlife watching, and hiking.
The Taiga Biome