The Red Planet
Mars the Red Planet was called many things. The Romans called it Ares, after the god of war. The Chinese called it the Fire Star and the Egyptians called it "Her Desher" which means the red one. The Red Planet was known to many civilizations and still fascinates people today.
The size of Mars is 42220 miles about half the size of Earth. It would take 6 planets of Mars to equal the same volume one of Earth.
Mars is the 4th planet from the sun. It is 142,000,000 miles away compared to the earth which is 93,000,000 miles away from the sun.
Day and Year
The average day for Mars is 24 hours and 37 minutes which is one full rotation of Mars. An average day on earth is 23 hours and 56 minutes. This makes an average day on Mars 37 minutes longer the a day on earth.
The average time for Mars to rotate around the sun is 687 earth days, that is about twice the amount of days the earth rotates around the sun at 365 days.
Mars is colder than earth because it is farther away from the sun. The temperature can reach a cold -284 to a high 86 degrees Fahrenheit.