Formative and Summative Assessments

How to implement both for an effective classroom environment

Key Strategies of Summative Assessments Based on the Assessment Video

1.Clarifying understanding and sharing learning intentions. This can be done by asking a follow up question to fuel thought at the end of a lesson.


2.Engineering effective classroom discussions, tasks, and activities then elicit evidence of learning. This can be done by creating a “no hand raising” classroom environment in which the class is held as a discussion and multiple students can answer simultaneously. Hand raising is only used for questions.


3.Provides feedback that moves learners forwards. This can be done by implimenting the “two stars and a wish” approach to giving positive feed back.


4.Activating students as learning resources for one another. Using the green , yellow,red approach for learning. Thus having students who understand to the optimal level (green students) , assist students who dont understand as well ( yellow students) and assisting children who dont understand at all (red students ).


5.Activating students as owners of their own learning. Implimenting C3B4Me. All this means is having each child ask three students for help before asking the teacher.

How I see it...

Formative assessments are meant to be learning that is monitored. I feel this is appropriate learning to be held during class so that strengths and weaknesses may be identified and tended to. It is only after formative learning is carried out to the fullest extent , using all strategies to optimal levels , that summative assesments should be implimented. What I mean by this is that formative assessments should be held in higher regard , than the later to come, summative assessment because if the formative assessments are carried out appropriately the summative assessments will ultimately be successful.

How might strategies be accomplished in the classroom ?

1.How might strategy 1 be accomplished ?

Follow each lesson up with a follow up question that can be answered by each student in 5 minutes or less. The question should be handed in to the teacher at the end of the five minutes. The question is not graded, but simply reviewed to make sure each child understands the question and lesson to some extent. Feed back is appropriately issued.


2.How might strategy 2 be accomplished ?

Classroom set up, may play a large role in how strategy two is accomplisged. This is so because the classroom may need to be set up in a type of way that allows children to participate simultaneously and answer questions simultaneously. This may done by organizing desks into groups of 3 or 4 so that students can discuss and answer questions as groups when called upon or perhaps arranging desks in a circle so each student can respond in a circular motion or skipped over if they need more time.


3.How might strategy 3 be accomplished ?

As mentioned prior, the concept of 2 stars and a wish may be implemented when giving feed back. What this means is telling students two things they did well and something they could improve on .


4.How might strategy 4 be accomplished ?

Implementing games in order for children to use one another as resources is most likely the best way to encourage children to network and learn through conversation , just as they will need to do in the work force.


5. How might strategy 5 be accomplished ?

Strategy 4 and 5 may be accomplished simulatenously through conversation and organized game play.