European Countries

By: Katy R.

What It Europe?

Europe is one of the world's seven continents.Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting the Black and Aegean Seas.Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Black Sea and connected waterways to the southeast. Yet the borders of Europe—a concept dating back to classical antiquity—are somewhat arbitrary, as the primarily physiographic term "continent" can incorporate culural and political elements. It has approximately 50 countries in Europe and is a very well known continent, besides the United States

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Ireland

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Leader and Title: Presodent Michael D Higgins

Limited Government

European Union Member? Yes

Current Government event or Concern: Irish debt Woes Revive Concern about Europe- cuts and taxes issues

Historical Political Event: Mary Robinson becomes first woman president of Ireland

Historical Monument: Hill of Tara- royal seat of the High Kings of Ireland for thousands of years

John Philip Holland- father of the modern submarine- came up with the idea of the submarine

Population: 6.4 million

% arable land: 16.4

Agriculture: barley, potatoes, wheat; beef, dairy products

Human Environment Interaction: Hillside Farming

GDP: $ 195.4 billion

GDP per capita: $ 42,600

Currency: Euros

Exchange rate to US dollars: 0.78

Famous Brands: Bailey's Irish Cream, Guinness, Jameson Irish Whiskey, Hrap Lager, Waterford Crystal

Languages: Irish and English

Religion: Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, Christian

Famous Landmarks: St. Patrick's Cathedral, Blarney Stone, Cliffs of Moher, Four Courts, The Oscar Wilde Statue, Belfast Castle, Grafton Street

Cultural Foods: Sausage- potato hot pot, Corned Beef and Cabbage, Soda Bread, Irish Coffee, Green Beer, Steak and Guinness, Guinness Cake, Lamb Stew

Music: folk music (Irish Traditional Music)

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United Kingdom

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy

Leader and Title: Prime Minister David Cameron MP

Limited Government

European Union Member? Yes

Population: 63,395,574

% arable land: 24.88

Agriculture: cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish

Human Environment Interaction: waterways

GDP: $ 2.313 trillion

GDP per capita: $ 36,600

Currency: British Pounds

Exchange rate to US dollars: 0.6307

Language: British

Religion: Christian, Muslim, Hindu

Climate: temperate; moderated by prevailng southwest winds over the North Atlantic current, more than 1/2 the days overcast

Topography: mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast

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Italy

Government Type: Republic

Leader and Title: President Giorgio Napolitano

Limited Government

European Union Member? Yes

Current Government Event or Concern: Italian Government signals that it has no interest in nationalizing Monte Dei Paschi di Siena, country's oldest bank

Historical Political Event: Italy enters World War II on German side Italian forces occupy British Sumalirad in East Africa

Historical Monument: Leaning Tower of Pisa

Person who Changed History and How: Benito Missolini, prime minister, central figure in the creation of fascism and influence and close ally to Hitler

Population: 61,482,297

% arable land: 22.57

Agriculture: fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes,sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives, beef, dairy products; fish

Human Environment Interaction: waterways

GDP: $1.813 trillion

GDP per capita: $ 29,800

Currency: Euros

Exchnage rate to US dollars: 0.7752

Famous Brands: Gucci, Prada, Giorgio Armani, Dolce & Gabbana, Nutella

Languages: Italian, German, French, Siovene

Religion: Christian, Muslims, Atheists, Agnostics

Famous Landmarks: Roman Colosseum, Florence Cathedral, St. Peter's Basilica, Piazza San Marco, Ponte Vecchio, Castel Sant'Angelo

Climate: Prediminantly Mediterranean, Alpine in far north; hot, dry in the south

Topography: mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands