Jewish Underground

What was the Jewish Underground?

The Jewish Underground was a Jewish terrorist organization formed by prominent members of the Israeli political movement. Jewish resistance under the Nazi rule took various forms of organized underground activities conducted against German occupation regimes in Europe by Jews during World War II.
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What were their objectives?

The two objectives they developed were; a plot to blow up the Dome of the Rock, while the other branch concentrated on both avenging acts of Palestinian violence against settlers and of establishing a punitive deterrence.

The history that led to this

Between 1941 and 1943, underground resistance movements developed in approximately 100 ghetto in Nazi- occupied eastern Europe, Poland, Lithuania, Belorussia, and the Ukraine. Although the Jews knew that uprising would not stop the Germans, their main goal was to organize uprisings, break out of the ghettos, and join Parisian units in the fight against the Germans.

5 Significant facts about Jewish Underground a Jewish uprisings:


  • The women activists of the Jewish underground during the holocaust have been variously memorialized
  • When it came to fighting, the new leadership of women were somewhat reduced: they left the combat to the men and were relegated to auxiliary duties such as communication, logistics, first aid, documentation, ect.
  • One of the later Jewish Underground attacks was attacking on the Arabs for revenge to inspire fear in them.
  • During WWII weapons were often smuggled into ghettos
  • In Bialystok, the underground staged an uprising just before the final destruction of the ghetto in September 1943. Most of the ghetto fighters, primarily young men and women died during the fighting.
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Resistance in Camps

The surviving Jewish workers launched uprisings even in the extermination camps of Treblinka, Sobibor, and Auschwitzbirkenau.