Chapter 23 Vocabulary

by Aspin Denson

Warren G. Harding

This fellow was not a good president at all; he was extremely corrupt, and was quoted saying that the presidency was too much for him. His death was caused by a heart attack in 1923, and Calvin Coolidge then took office.
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Cariart.tripod.com,. 2016. "Ben Burgraff's CARICATURE GALLERY"


This is a good primary source because it supports the fact that Warren G. Harding was NOT a good president. It shows this through many different ways. One, it says that he sleeps around, which he did many different times, which is something a president did not repeatedly do. Secondly, he was quoted saying that he was not able to handle the presidency, ,and this is presented here because it says "I'm totally clueless." Lastly, he has a big head, implying that he thought he did know enough.

Second Industrial Revolution

New technology made it possible to increase industrial output without expanding the labor force; electricity replaced steam.
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" The Second Industrial Revolution (5-1 A) ". 1921


1. This is source represents the new technology of the Second Industrial Revolution by the huge mechanical objects.

2. Also, this shows one person, and this is important because this new technology cut down the amount of workers and hard work it took for production of even more complex technology.

3. This is a good source because automobile companies really thrived off of this, and this source is a picture of a company that benefited Ford.

Assembly Line

a series of workers and machines in a factory by which a succession of identical items is progressively assembled. This new technology had major impacts on working in the 1920s.
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Ford Corporate,. 1912. "Ford Motor Company Timeline".


First, this is important because this is the Ford company, and, in the previous source, it says that automobile companies were the major companies of the Roaring 20s. Second, this is an important source because it shows that sheer amount of production that could come from an assembly line. Thirdly, assembly lines, of course, were invented for production efficiency, which is shown here.

Suburbs

is an outlying district of a city, especially a residential one.
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Nps.gov,. 1928. "Nrb Suburbs Part 1: Historic Residential Suburbs: Guidelines For Evaluation And Documentation For The National Register Of Historic Places".


1. This source is important because it is a historic picture that represents the infrastructure of streets (including the adaptation of garages for automobiles).

2. This is also a good source because it is a picture of a 1928 suburb.

3. Lastly, this is important because, with the prior knowledge of the suburbs of New York City (the Five Points Neighborhood), it shows an increase in livability for suburbs in only 40 years.

Radio Mania

Radio Mania started pre-World War I, radio broadcasting would sweep the nation by the easy communication at a low price. This is also important because many different famous people would speak on these (i.e. presidents, business owners, and etc.).
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Flat World Knowledge,. 1936 " Understanding Media And Culture: An Introduction To Mass Communication 1.0 | Flat World Education "


This is a good primary source because it shows that CBS, a news channel, would soon take over advertising and news exposure in general. Also, this is a great primary source because it shows FDR communicating through radio, which reinstates that famous people communicated through radios. Lastly, this is important because it the time period of this.

Dance Craze

Charleston was the main Dance Craze of the 1920s, and it was common because of this age and due to the “new morality."
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Vintagedancer.com,. 1921. " Roaring 1920’S Dance Styles


This is important because it shows three people dancing on the street, which indicates the significance of dancing in the 1920s. Also, this is important because it shows a variety of dance moves of the dancers showing that there are many different people creating different dances. Finally, it shows the White House in the background, which of course is an icon, and this shows that it was a very well-known movement.

"South's City of Spindles"

Gastonia, North Carolina nicknamed, by itself, the "South's City of Spindles" because they employed nearly 70 percent of the workers in the textile industries.
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STAFF, TGP. 2014. "The Mill Hill, Natural Communism, And The Loray Mill Strikes"[1929].


This is a good primary source because it is a picture taken of three workers who got arrested for protesting labor conditions of the mill. Also, this is a good primary source because it shows that Gastonia, North Carolina was extremely important to the textile industry. Lastly, this is a great primary source because this was a very significant strike that had many different impacts on America and the labor conditions and unions.

Negro National League

The Negro National League (NNL) was one of the several Negro leagues which were established during the period in the United States in which organized baseball was segregated.
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Billsportsmaps.com,. 1958.


First this is a good primary source because it has the circa 1920-1950, which is when the Negro National League (NNL) was present. Secondly, this is significant because it shows that this league was very well organized. Lastly, this is a good primary source because it shows that there were two different divisions of the league itself.

"New Morality"

concept that says every individual is entitled to their own freedom and to equality.
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Americainclass.org,. 1922-1923. "Modern Woman, America In The 1920s.


This is a good primary source for three reasons: it presents a slogan that represents the true essence of "new morality" (this being that there are many people doing what they desire), the women not needing to be accompanied by a man and this shows things have changed, and also this was impacted by the women's suffrage amendment passed.

Open Shop

Supporters of "The American Plan" wanted that no employee would be compelled to join a union.
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Americainclass.org,. 2016. "Labor & Capital, America In The 1920s.


This is a good primary source because of the caption. This also represents open shop because it shows that these "fake medicines" promoted change by not helping in any way. Also, this is a great primary source because "common sense" is walking in because these other two ways--"labor" and "capital"-- are too corrupt to help anything.

Prohibition

Prohibition is the act of prohibiting absolutely any activity involving alcoholic beverages. The term can also apply to periods in the histories of countries during which the prohibition of alcohol was enforced.
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The Constantine Report,. 1919. "The Feds Poisoned Alcohol During Prohibition And Murdered At Least 10,000 People"


This is a great primary source because it is says straightforward that they are requesting votes against liquor. Also, this is important because it shows a child in it's mother's arms, which shows that liquor can hurt families. Lastly, it has the child in the mother's arms and this is significant because the majority of this movement against alcohol was, in fact, done by women.

Al Capone

Al Capone was an American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit (Chicago Outfit - The Chicago Outfit is an Italian-American crime syndicate based in Chicago, Illinois and dating back to the 1910s).
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Bowery Boogie,. 2012. "HBO’S Boardwalk Empire And The Lower East Side".


This is a good primary source because it is dated in 1931, and shows the significance of Al Capone. This shows Capone being the "Public Enemy #1," which is extremely important because it shows that he is dangerous. Secondly, J. Edgar Hoover issued this, which supports the claim that this is important since Hoover was the first director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (F.B.I.). Lastly, this is significant because, in the "Caution" section of this flier, says that Capone was part of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, which was an immensely violent massacre that had many different impacts on American Society.

The KKK

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) is the name of three movements (the 1920s movement was the second) in the United States that have advocated extremist reactionary currents such as white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigration, historically expressed through terrorism aimed at groups or individuals whom they opposed.
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Iyer, P. 2004. "Liability In The Care Of The Elderly"


This is a great primary source because it shows how public the Ku Klux Klan was back in their second movement due to appearing at the Texas State Fair in 1931. Also, this is a good primary source because it shows the appearance of a KKK member with the image on the right side. Lastly, this is an intriguing primary source because the KKK is seeming nonviolent, which is definitely not true since prior knowledge obviously shows they were a violent, terroristic group.

The Dawes Plan

The Dawes Plan was an attempt in 1924 to solve the World War I reparations problem, which had bedeviled international politics following World War I and the Treaty of Versailles.
Article 1


The Governments represented upon the Reparation Commission acting under paragraph 22 of Annex II to Part VIII (Reparation) of the Treaty of Versailles will modify the said Annex II by the introduction of the following paragraphs 2a and 16a, and by the amendment of paragraph 17 as set out below:

Austlii.edu.au,. 2016. "Inter-Allied Agreement To Carry Out The Experts' [Dawes] Plan Of 9 April 1924 [1924] ATS 26".


This is a good primary source for the following reasons: in the remaining text of the primary source it presents the idea of how to financially aid Germany, it says who is the main provider of currency of the plan: the United States.

Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover served from 1929-1933 and was raised as a Quaker. A Republican, Hoover served as head of the U.S. Food Administration during World War I, and became internationally known for humanitarian relief efforts in war-time Belgium. As the United States Secretary of Commerce in the 1920s under Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge, he promoted partnerships between government and business under the rubric "economic modernization."
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Glencoe.mheducation.com,. 2016. "Primary Sources, Maps And Images"[1928].


This is a great primary source because it shows Herbert Hoover, which is the term in itself, it shows him working on the papers that are all called "problems," and the text supports the fact that Hoover had a massive impact on humanitarian reliefs and the economic reliefs he was responsible for.

Bibliography

  1. Cariart.tripod.com,. 2016. "Ben Burgraff's CARICATURE GALLERY...Page 3 (Presidents' Gallery)!". Accessed February 2 2016. http://cariart.tripod.com/cartoon-3.html.

  2. " The Second Industrial Revolution (5-1 A) ". 2016 Lpusd.K12.Ca.Us. Accessed February 2 2016. http://www.lpusd.k12.ca.us/rm1/online/hotpotatoesmt/MT5-1a.htm.

  3. Ford Corporate,. 2016. "Ford Motor Company Timeline". Accessed February 2 2016. https://corporate.ford.com/company/history.html.

  4. Nps.gov,. 2016. "Nrb Suburbs Part 1: Historic Residential Suburbs: Guidelines For Evaluation And Documentation For The National Register Of Historic Places". Accessed February 2 2016. http://www.nps.gov/nr/publications/bulletins/suburbs/part1.htm

  5. Flat World Knowledge,. 2016. " Understanding Media And Culture: An Introduction To Mass Communication 1.0 | Flat World Education ". Accessed February 2 2016. http://catalog.flatworldknowledge.com/bookhub/reader/3833?e=lulemedia_1.0-ch07_s03.

  6. Vintagedancer.com,. 2016. " Roaring 1920’S Dance Styles – Charleston, Fox Trot, Texas Tommy | Vintagedancer.Com ". Accessed February 2 2016. http://vintagedancer.com/1920s/1920s-dances/.

  7. STAFF, TGP. 2014. "The Mill Hill, Natural Communism, And The Loray Mill Strikes | The Greanville Post • Vol. IX". The Greanville Post • Vol. IX. Accessed February 2 2016. http://www.greanvillepost.com/2014/03/28/the-mill-hill-natural-communism-and-the-loray-mill-strikes/.

  8. Billsportsmaps.com,. 2016. Accessed February 2 2016. http://billsportsmaps.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/negro-leagues_map_x4.gif.

  9. Americainclass.org,. 2016. "Modern Woman, America In The 1920S, Primary Sources For Teachers, America In Class, National Humanities Center". Accessed February 2 2016. http://americainclass.org/sources/becomingmodern/modernity/text2/text2.htm.

  10. Americainclass.org,. 2016. "Labor & Capital, America In The 1920S, Primary Sources For Teachers, America In Class, National Humanities Center". Accessed February 2 2016. http://americainclass.org/sources/becomingmodern/divisions/text6/text6.htm.

  11. The Constantine Report,. 2010. "The Feds Poisoned Alcohol During Prohibition And Murdered At Least 10,000 People - The Constantine Report". Accessed February 2 2016. http://www.constantinereport.com/the-feds-poisoned-alcohol-during-prohibition-and-murdered-at-least-10000-people/.

  12. Bowery Boogie,. 2012. "HBO’S Boardwalk Empire And The Lower East Side". Accessed February 2 2016. http://www.boweryboogie.com/2012/10/hbos-boardwalk-empire-and-the-lower-east-side/.

  13. Iyer, P. 2004. "Liability In The Care Of The Elderly". Journal Of Obstetric, Gynecologic, And Neonatal Nursing 33 (1): 124-131. Elsevier BV. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth31223/m1/1/

  14. Austlii.edu.au,. 2016. "Inter-Allied Agreement To Carry Out The Experts' [Dawes] Plan Of 9 April 1924 [1924] ATS 26". Accessed February 2 2016. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1924/26.html.

  15. Glencoe.mheducation.com,. 2016. "Primary Sources, Maps And Images". Accessed February 2 2016. http://glencoe.mheducation.com/sites/3333366666/student_view0/chapter19/primary_sources__maps_and_images.html.