The Respiratory System

An Introduction to the Respiratory System

Major Organs and Muscles

Organs

Nose- The part of the face or facial region of humans that contains nostrils, and the origin of smell as well as a passageway for air and respiration.

Pharynx- A tube that connects the mouth and nasal passages to the esophagus.

Larynx- Connects the pharynx and the bronchi as a tube to relay air to the bronchi. AKA windpipe.

Bronchi- The two branches of the trachea used for transporting air.

Lungs- Two sack-like organs that are used for breathing which removes CO2 from the blood into O2.

Muscles

Intercostals- Muscles situated between the ribs and is used for breathing.

Diaphragm- A large flat muscle that separates the lungs from the stomach and is used for breathing.

Functions

The main function of the respiratory system is to supply blood with oxygen so the blood can deliver oxygen to the rest of the body. The respiratory system does all of this through breathing. We inhale oxygen but exhale Co2.
The Respiratory System
A disease that has so far affect ten states. Doctors suspect this rare disease is the human enterovirus 68. Doctors also say that this disease might be closly related to the rhinovirus. The disease usually starts off like a cold but gets increaslingly worse.

Homeostatic Problems

Imbalances:

Rhinitis- Which is caused by excessive mucus produced which causes nasal congestion. It can also be a allergic reaction to chlorine, car exhaust, latex and perfume. Symptoms may include a cold or by the visibility of excessive mucus.

Asthma- Is caused by chronically inflamed bronchial passages which can be easily irritated by dust, fungi and dog dander. Some symptoms of asthma may include sensitivity to dog dander or excessive coughing when around fungi or dust.

Tonsiltitis- Caused by inflamed and swollen pharynagal tonsils. This then restricts the nasal pharnyx from breathing and then leads to mouth breathing. This then means that the air that enters the lungs are not properly filtered. Some symptoms are fevers, bad breath, and swollen lymph nodes.

Treatments:

Rhinitis treatment- Avoid rhinitis causing items or by using nasal irrigation.

Asthma treatment- Using an inhaler once a day.

Tonsiltitis- Removing of the tonsils.

What is Asthma?
A case of severe tonsillitis
Allergic Rhinitis: The Nasal Endoscopic Findings
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Works cited

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