Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955

By: Mckenzie, Trevor, and Sterling

What Was Happening during this time?

Four days before the actual event happened one brave women named Rosa Parks began to stand up for her rights by not giving up her seat to a white person on the bus. She was arrested and charged a fine of $10.Rosa Park's action lead to the Montgomery bus boycott. Within just the next couple days, African Americans began to get involved. They refused to ride city buses as a form of protest to segregated seating. The boycott lasted from December 5, 1955 till December 20, 1956.

Why did African Americans do this?

African Americans put this idea together so hopefully in the end they would be able to sit where they wanted on the bus, and they wouldn't be discrimated against.

Who was involved?

What would you do if you were being discrimated aganist?

Where did this event take place?

It started in Montgomery, Alabama.

What was the ending Result? Why did the african Americans do this?

The bus companies started to suffer economically. At the end of the Boycott the supreme court decision integrates the buses, and soon thousands of Africa Americans were riding the city buses again and were aloud to sit where they pleased. African Americans did this because they wanted a more peaceful life and didn't want to be discrimated against every where they went.

How did this event contribute to the Civil Rights movement as a whole? How did it lead to furture events?

Although the gains of the Montgomery Bus Boycott were small compared with the gains blacks would later win, the boycott was important start to the movement. The lasting legacy of the boycott, as Roberta Wright wrote, was that "It helped to launch a 10-year national struggle for freedom and justice, the Civil Rights Movement, that stimulated others to do the same at home and abroad."

Other Information

- When the boycott began, no one expected it to last long. But it ended up lasting over 1 year. The whites would try and end it in every way possible.

- One often-used method was to try to divide the black community. On January 21, 1956, the City Commission met with three non-MIA black ministers and proposed a "compromise," which was basically the system already in effect. The ministers accepted, and the commission leaked (false) reports to a newspaper that the boycott was over. The MIA did not even hear of the compromise until a black reporter in the North who received a wire report phoned to ask if the Montgomery blacks had really settled for so little. By that time it was Saturday night. On Sunday morning Montgomery newspapers were going to print the news that the boycott was over and the city's blacks were going to believe it. When that effort to break up the boycott failed, whites turned to violence. King's home was bombed on January 30.

-Even though the Bus Boycott ended on December 20, 1956 and African American's were aloud to sit where they wanted, they were still in danger. Snipers were shot at buses and many African American's had their house bombed.