Chapter 1 Section 2

By: Leslie and Mariah

Six steps of the naturalization process

1. Aliens must sign the Declaration of Intention

2. Must live in the U.S. for 5 years or unless married to a U.S. citizen.

3. File an application for citizenship

4. Must be interviewed by the USCIS offical

5. Take and Exam that questions writing, reading, and speaking English.

6. Must take an oath of allegiance.

The loss of citizenship

Citizens can lose citizen- ship in three ways: through denaturalization, through expatriation, or by being convicted of certain crimes. The loss of citizenship through fraud or deception during the natu- ralization process is called denaturalization. The simplest way to lose citizenship is through expatriation, or giv- ing up one’s citizenship by leaving one’s native country to live in a foreign country.

What is an illegal alien?

Some were refused permis- sion to immigrate. Other illegal aliens are foreigners who have stayed in the United States after their legal permits expired.

What is a legal alien and what can they do?

A resident alien is a person from a foreign country who has established permanent residence in the United States. Resident aliens may stay in the United States as long as they wish without becoming American citizens. Aliens may hold jobs, own property, attend public schools, and receive other government services. They pay taxes and are entitled to legal protection.

Aliens do not have full political rights, however. They may not vote in elections or run for office. They may not serve on juries or work in most government jobs