The Katelyn/Caitlyn Vocab Project

By: Katie and Caitlyn

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy is how long people in a certain country or area are expected to live. EX: The life expectancy of people in Australia is 82.10 years as of 2012. That means most people live for around 82 years in Australia. The life expectancy of people in Ethiopia is approximately 62 years. Disease, vaccines, available food, clean water, genetics, and infant mortality are all things that affect life expectancy.

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Infant Mortality

Infant mortality is how many babies die within their first year of life. EX: The infant mortality in Australia is 3.3 deaths out of every 1000 as of 2012. That means approximately 3 out of every 1000 babies die before their first birthday. The infant mortality in Ethiopia is 47 out of 1000. Disease, lack of vaccines, available food, water, sanitation, medical care, the economy, and the mother's health and education all affect infant mortality. As infant mortality rates go down, life expectancy goes up.
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GDP - Gross Domestic Products

GDP is how much money people in a country spend on goods and services. EX: Australia's GDP in 2013 was $1,600,000,000,000 (1.6 trillion). That means the Australian government and people spent $1.6 trillion U.S. dollars in 2013 on goods and services. The GDP in Ethiopia is $47.53 billion U.S. dollars a year, which is 30% of Australia's GDP. The GDP is usually high in countries with a strong economy and low in countries with a struggling economy. Countries that import and export more goods have a higher GDP.
Euronews - The Gross Domestic Product explained
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GDP per capita

GDP per capita is how much money one person spends on goods and services in a year. EX: Australia's GDP per capita is $6,737 per year. That means each person spends on average $6,737 a year on goods and services. This number is an estimate because some people are rich and spend more money than people who are poor. The GDP per capita in Ethiopia is $505.05 a year, A higher per capita GDP usually means that people in the country have a higher standard of living.
GDP per Capita
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They are all connected because the higher the GDP and GDP per capita, the lower the infant mortality rate and the higher life expectancy rate.

Katelyn Caitlyn Project