Borneo Pygmy Elephant

Endangered Species PSA By Hailey Bartholomew

Range and Location

The Borneo Pygmy Elephants have been confined to the northern and northeastern parts of the island of Borneo for the past 100 years or so. In 1992, the population was estimated to be between 500-2,000. Now, according to a study in 2008, there are no more than 1,500 of these elephants.
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The Borneo Pygmy Elephant has been endangered since 1986, according to the ICUN Red List. This endangerment is caused by Palm Oil Farmers in Borneo that cut down forest land for plantations. Not only does this deforestation leave less food for the elephants, but the palm trees on the plantations often entice the elephants to invade the plantations. This can lead to human-elephant conflict, which usually ends in violence. Many of the plantation workers will also leave illegal snares with the intention of catching small game. However, around 20% of resident elephants obtain injuries from these snares.
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Contributing Organizations and Actions

How can you help?

The demand for Palm Oil has risen over the past several years, causing rapid expansion of palm oil plantations in Asia. Reducing the amount of palm oil that you use can help support elephant conservation immensely. You could also donate money to an organization or possibly adopt an elephant to support a herd.

Good land management can...

Good land management can prevent these losses because of better protection of plantations and less human-elephant conflict. With less conflict, there will ultimately be less violence and killing of the Borneo Pygmy Elephant.


Not only would extinction of these elephants rapidly change the environment and ecosystem around them, but this species of elephant is genetically distinct from mainland Asian elephants. This species is the world's smallest known sub-species of elephant.
Wild Borneo pygmy elephants by camera tracking methods in rainforest