Written and Illustrated By:Mia Tarabay


Did you know Saturn has ears? In 1610, a scientist named Galileo Galilei looked at Saturn. Then he wrote down, “Saturn has ears.” The ears were really rings. Saturn is one of the outer planets. Its distance from the sun is 885 million miles.


Saturn is the second largest planet. It’s also a giant ball of gas with a rocky core.

The core is the same size as Earth. Its diameter is 74,853 miles. Saturn’s atmosphere has whirling gases. It has the strongest winds in the solar system. Saturn’s average cloud temperature is -193 degrees Fahrenheit. Saturn has a freezing atmosphere. Sometimes its cold temperatures makes the gases turn to crystals. Saturn has a liquid surface. Some scientists think gases turn to liquid hydrogen.


Saturn is kind of like a squished ball. It’s not round like Earth. This is because it spins faster on its axis than Earth does. Saturn’s days are only ten hours and thirty-nine Earth minutes. However, its year is twenty-nine and a half times longer than an Earth year. This is because it’s farther away fro the sun than Earth is.


Saturn has many rings. At first, scientists thought there were only two rings. As time went on, scientists could see more rings. Then in the 1970’s, scientists started sending probes to the outer planet to take a closer look. The particles that make up Saturn’s rings are ice, dust, and rock. A picture of Saturn taken by Voyager, a spacecraft, told Earth that the particles are in differnt sizes. Some particles are small as a pebble and some are bigger than a bus. Its ring span is 155,000 miles. Also the edge is 1 mile thick.


In 1950’s, scientists sent probes to gather information about Saturn.Then in 1973, they sent Pioneer 11 to get a better look at Saturn. After it landed in 1979. In 1980, Voyager 1 and 2 reached Saturn. They took pictures and measures of Saturn’s rings. Voyager 1 sent picture a to Earth that looked like a bike on its rings.


Saturn has twenty moons or more. Its moons are made of ice, rock, and craters. Some of Saturn’s moons are round or in unusual shapes. Saturn’s moon, Titan, is bigger than Pluto and Mercury. Titan has a thick atmosphere. Titan’s atmosphere is sort of the same as Earth’s atmosphere.

Cassini Mission

n 1997, Cassini Orbiter went up into space to get a better look at Titan. The Cassini Orbiter with launch a probe called Huygens. The probe looked for answers to secrets about Saturn. Someday, I hope to hear about what the Cassini Orbiter found.

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