EDN

Egypt Daily News

By. Kaitlin Bitzegaio

Geography

Nile River

The location of the Nile River is important because it protected the Egyptians from Enemies so the Egyptian Civilization could grow without having to worry. The Nile River is used for Protection, protection is important because, it made it so enemies couldn't get in. The Nile was also used for Water, water is important because you can't live without water. Lastly the Nile was used for Food, food is important because you can't live without food.


Climate

The climate was warm and sunny with little rainfall.


Irrigation

Egyptians used a shadoof to transport water to the basins (a bowl shaped hole). They also built dikes or earthen banks to strengthen the basin walls.

Religion


Gods & Goddesses

Ra, Ra was the sun god.

Anubis, Anubis was the god of the dead.

Bastet, Bastet was the goddess of joy and love

Thoth, Thoth was the god of writing and wisdom.


Mummification

Egyptians performed mummification because, they believed if they didn't that the soul would wander forever and not have life after death. Not everybody was mummified but Pharaohs and others that had great importance.


Importance of Religion to the Egyptians

Religion was important to Egyptians because of deities. It influenced the way of life because they believed that if the gods and goddesses were not happy bad things would happen


Valley of the Kings

Some of Egypt's greatest rulers are buried in the Valley of the Kings, it contains 63 royal tombs from the new kingdom. The Egyptians built the Valley of the Kings because they wanted to hide the tomb to protect the Pharaoh's body even more.


Pyramids

The Egyptians believed the pharaoh was to important to be buried in any tomb but a special one so they created pyramids. Inside the Pyramids there are things called hieroglyphics on the wall, the reason there were hieroglyphics was because they believed it would help them find life after death, also there were tombs of pharaohs

Achievments

Inventions/Discoveries

Egyptian Doctors learned to use herbs and drugs to treat many different illnesses. They made/discovered the Valley of the Kings. They invented/discovered the Pyramids.


Invention/Discoveries that we still use today

They created sorts of medicine that we could still use today. They created the 365 day calendar.


Great Pyramids of Giza

One of the Great Pyramids of Giza is the tallest pyramid in the world. They were also built for King Khufu. The Great Pyramid is truly a marvel because the Egyptians built it without using beasts of burden, special tools, or even a wheel.

Politics

Government

Pharaohs, nobles, and priests were involved in Egypt's government. They also made very important decisions on Egypt's government.


Pharaohs

The leadership part was passed down from father to son, father to son, and so on.

Egyptians viewed pharaohs as rulers or kings and obeyed everything they said.


Important Pharaohs and why they are important

King Khufu. Because, he had the idea of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Khafra, because he built the second Pyramid of Giza and the Sphinx.

Thutmose III, because he won the famous battle of Megiddo and then later al Kadesh.

Econonmics

Trade

Trade was crucial to Egyptians because in a desert it is hard to find all the resources you need but trade lets them have those resources. Egyptians traded for, ivory and gold. (Just a few examples.) Egyptians were able to trade, Metal tools, weapons, and beads.

Social Structure

Social Classes

Here is how the Social Classes are split up and why each is important

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1) The Pharaoh is very important because he is in charge of everybody and is the King.


2) Priests and Nobles are really important because they believed that only they could talk to the gods.


3) Traders, artisans, shopkeepers, and scribes are important because without them Egyptians would not have some resources they can't get to by themselves.


4) Famers and Herders are needed because they provide food.


5) If unskilled workers were not there the Pharaoh would have to do things for himself. (Like get food, water, protection, etc.)

Daily Lives of the Egyptians

Men: headed the house, men of working classes wore a short kilt and maybe a shirt,


Women: Women wore straight dresses with one or two straps, they could own and pass on properties as well.


Children: When children turned six they actually started wearing clothes to protect them from the intense dry heat. most children didn’t go to school moms taught the girls how to sew, cook, and run households. Men taught their sons to farm or trading skills.