Hundred Year War

By: Connor, Sam, and Kollin


  • the combatants of the hundred years war were holy roman empire, kingdom of England, Sweden, Denmark, Luxembourg, crown of Castile, kingdom of Scotland, crown of Aragon, kingdom of Portugal, kingdom of Bohemia.

  • Hundred Years’ War, an intermittent struggle between England and France in the 14th–15th century over a series of disputes.

  • The struggle involved several generations of English and French claimants to the crown and actually occupied a period of more than 100 years.

  • By convention it is said to have started in 1337 and ended in 1453.

  • However some people say the disputes started in the early 12th century.

  • The thing that sparked the hundred year war was because Charles IV died without a son.

Battle of Crecy

The battle of Crecy occured on August 26, 1346. It was a diasterous defeat of the French even though they had greater number on the battlefield. The French elite force were easy targets for the English bowman. The victory enabled Edward the III of England to lay siege on Calais.

Battle of Poitiers

Son of Edward the III, The black prince heavily defeated the superior french army near Poitiers. The English bowman played a crucial role in the outcome of the battle. The French king John II was captured in the battle.

Battle of Agincourt

The English, commanded by King Henry V decisively defeated the numerically superior french army and conquered most of France. The English failed at another phase of the battle which then turned into the French's favor.

Lifting of The Siege Of Orleans

Joan of Arc, a 17 year old French peasant lifted the siege of Orleans which marked the turning point of the Hundreds Years' war. It was one of greatest successes of the French army during the entire war. Joan of the Arc was burned at the stake.

Battle of Castilllon

This battle ended with a French victory which marked the end of the Hundred Years' war. This was the first battle where cannons played a big role. Even though a peace treaty was never signed. The English lost all of their possessions in France.
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during the 100 year war the English were more aggressive or accretive in their actions favoring long distance engagement. The English longbow had an effective range of 200 meters and was able to pierce plate amour. However when melee was inevitable the English and the french were on relatively even terms using similar tactics, on top of that the french were more on the defense using knights as the main force and rarely using mercs and peasants. so in close quarter the french had a slight upper hand due to better trained warriors. the English style of combat would also mean that capture was unacceptable or else the french would chop off the index and middle finger thus the two finger salute.