States of Matter Poster

Blaise Moritz

Solids:

Definition: firm and stable in shape.

Details:

-it is unlike a liquid or gas

-different solids have different properties (stretch, hardness, and strength)

-solids are linked by strong forces

Examples:

-diamond

-ice

-hairbrush

Liquids

Definition: having a consistency like of water or oil

-does not hold any kind of shape

-constant volume independent of pressure

-liquid is usually closer to a solid rather than a gas

Examples:

-water

-broth

-tears

Gas

Definition: an air-like fluid substance which expands to fill any space available

-like a liquid does not have a specific shape or size

-gases are everywhere

-the molecules are far apart

Examples:

-smoke

-steam

-air

Plasma:

Definition: a ionized gas consisting of positive ions and free electrons in proportions

-are a lot like gases

-you don't find plasma very often

-the Northern Lights are plasma

Examples:

-Northern Lights

-Milky Way

-Neon elements

Bose-Einstein Carbonate:

Definition: A state of matter that forms below a critical temperature in which all bosons in the matter fall into the same quantum state. Also called a super atom

-only found in extreme conditions

-observed on a macroscopic scale

-behavior is described as massless photons and massive atoms

Examples:

-superfluids

-nucleons inside a neutron star

-super conductors