Islamic Revolution of 1979

By: Bella Bryan

Summary:

  • The Iranian Revolution is one of the major political events in the history of modern Iran
  • The 1919 uprisings were aimed at getting rid of the Pahlavi Dynasty
  • This dynasty had two kings: Reza Shah and Mohammed Reza Shah
  • Shah - a title of the former monarch of Iran
  • Reza Khan became Reza Shah and then attempted to turn Persia, which he re-named Iran in 1935, into a modern, secular, western-style state
  • In 1953 the British and the CIA tried to help form a coup to remove Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • In 1963, the Shah tried to institute what he called a White Revolution - top-down modernization led by the monarchy
  • Khomeini did not approve of the Shah's "White Revolution" because reforms would grant more rights to women, neglect of the poor, and sale of oil to Israel
  • Khomeini used guards and and strict courts to apply harsh laws. By 1979, several hundred people had been executed for defying Khomeini

Reza Shah

Mohammad Reza Shah

Khomeini