Latin America Road Trip

by Nate Parodi

4 Destinations:

starting point Capital- San Jose Country-Costa Rica

starting point Capital- Havana Country- Cuba

starting point Capital- Lima Country- Peru

starting point Capital- Santiago Country- Chile

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How to get from point 1-2:

plane, 904 miles

How to get from point 2-3:

plane, 2445 miles.

How to get from point 3-4:

Car, 3132 miles(69 hours).

San Jose, Costa Rica:

Coordinates: 9.6000° N, 83.9500° W
Relative Location: Northwest of brazil and southeast of Mexico.
2 Physical Locations:
  • Costa Rica is located on the Central American Isthmus, surrounding the point 10° north of the equator and 84° west of the prime meridian.
  • It borders both the Caribbean Sea (to the east) and the North Pacific ocean (to the west), with a total of 1,228 km of coastline
2 Human Locations:
  • San José is the seat of national government, the focal point of political and economic activity.
  • Though few people live in the city center, it is the most important working area of the country, which brings in more than a million people daily. Despite its problems, according to studies in Latin America, San José is still one of the safest and least violent cities in the region.
Modification: Costa Rican farmers and multinational corporations within Costa Rica practice two primary methods of farming: Plantation agriculture which includes practices by global companies and sustainable permaculture.
Accommodation: Most travelers equate Costa Rica with its ecolodges, which are properties that are committed to conservation, financially supporting nearby communities, educating clients and treading gently on their surroundings. For the most part, lodges tend to be in natural settings, resorts are along the beach and hotels are the cities, though the terms are often used interchangeably.
Government Dependent?: The people of Costa Rica depend on their Government very strongly because Costa Rica is a very competitive educational country and rely on the government to pay and support for children's education.
2 Examples of Movement:

  • In recent years, artists across the spectrum have found a new confidence and are shaking off rigid social norms, exciting for a country long dismissed as a cultural backwater. The performing arts are flourishing, and the National Symphony Orchestra sets a high standard for other musical troupes to follow.
  • Historically, Costa Rica has been relatively impoverished in the area of native arts and crafts.


  1. Costa Rica has been heavily influenced by Spanish culture ever since the spanish colonized america.
  2. Most of the people in costa rica speak spanish.
  3. art is a very big thing in costa rica and is taken very serious as well as unique building styles.
  4. Roman Catholicism is the official language of costa rica but they do have the freedom of religion to choose what ever they want.

Stop 1: Havana, Cuba

23.1333° N, 82.3833° W
it is located in the northwestern Caribbean, surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, Cayman Trench, Gulf of Mexico, Straits of Florida and the Caribbean Sea.
  1. Cuba is the largest island and country in the Caribbean, and is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres.
  2. Havana is the capital and largest city of the island nation of Cuba, located just 90 miles from Key West, Florida.
  1. The city of Havana was first established in 1514 along Cuba's southern coast and moved to its current location, near a deep harbor and protected channel, along the norther coast in 1519 and quickly became a top port for the Spanish Empire before becoming the capital of Cuba in 1607.
  2. Havana is divided into 15 municipalities, each with its own neighborhoods and distinctive feel. For travelers, the city is divided into several larger areas.
People of havana built sea bridges and water barriers to protect the city from large waves or dangerous storms and still allowing people to swim in the ocean.
People from havana built a beach house resort and hotels along the shoreline to attract tourists to swim and come for vacation.
The people of havana depend on the government to protect them if a tornado happens or etc. They depend on the government to rebuild the city for them if a natural disaster did happen.
  1. In recent years most of the people of havana used bicycles and cars to get from place to place. Now, that the city has become more of a beach/ocean tourist attraction a lot more of people use boats to get across the shoreline.
  2. Havana, Cuba used to be a little unsafe and suspicious and have a good amount of crime happening. But, over the years the crime has really decreased and there is very rarely any crime going on.
  1. There are a couple different languages spoken in Cuba but the most spoken language is spanish.
  2. The most practiced religion in havana is roman catholicism but the people have full rights to worship any kind of god they want to.
  3. Havana has a pretty good developing economy as they are the commercial center of Cuba.
  4. Havana cuba are big fans of sculptured and painted artwork and architecture.

Stop 2: Lima, Peru

12.0433° S, 77.0283° W

*just to the south of the Equator, is positioned in both the western and southern hemispheres. It's located on the western coast of south America.

*bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and the Pacific Ocean.

-Peru is divided into 3 distinct geographic regions with a narrow, arid coast, steep Andes Mountains running north to south, and the Amazon jungle in the east.

-The Amazon River system, the world's largest, holds 20 percent of the planet's fresh water.

-The Peruvian population is extremely young, with 53.8 percent of the population below the age of 25. Only 4 percent of the population is over 65.

-Peruvians live in urban areas along the coast, which reflects the general migratory trend in Latin America over the past 60 years. In 1940, 65 percent of the population lived in the highlands, while only 28.3 percent lived along the coast. Today, 52.2 percent live along the coast, 35.7 percent live in the highlands, and 12.1 percent live in the jungle region

People in lima Peru modify the environment by Terrance farming to get the crops and foods that they need and so that they can farm in the mountains without loosing the ability to grow some certain crops.
The people of lima Peru build hotels on the mountains or beaches to attract tourists. They make the buildings very tall and have huge windows to allow a lot of ventilation.

1. The predominant religion is Roman Catholic, but there is a scattering of other Christian faiths. Indigenous Peruvians, however, have blended Catholicism and their traditional beliefs.

2. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages.

3.The Peruvian economy is classified as upper middle income by the World Bank. The country has among other smaller sectors rich deposits of natural resources.

4. The Lima civilization was known in part for its ceramic artwork, consisting of styles such as Maranga and Interlocking patterns, which show the influence of the nearby Moche culture.

Final Destination: Santiago, Chile

33.4500° S, 70.6667° W
Chile is positioned in both the western and southern hemispheres. It's located on the western and southwestern coast of South America, and bordered by Argentina, Bolivia and Peru and by the Pacific Ocean.
  1. It is also the center of its largest conurbation. Santiago is located in the country's central valley, at an elevation of 520 m (1,706 ft) above mean sea level.
  2. The city has a downtown core of 19th century neoclassical architecture and winding side-streets, dotted by art deco, neo-gothic, and other styles.
  1. Most people live in urbanized parts of Santiago and others live on farms and get their crops through Terrance farming.
  2. Parts of Santiago are mostly cities but farther out and away from the city are farms and nice grasslands for planting and harvesting crops.
Terrance farming is used in Chile to farm in the mountains and get all the same crops as you would on a regular farm. Terrance farming allows farmers to water and farm on un-level ground.
An accommodation in Santiago is building hotels and houses on the side of mountains or cliffs instead of having to build around or on top of the hill. They build the homes connected to the mountains and build into the hills and use the hills as support for the houses and buildings.
  1. Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile was a political movement in Chile, during the Presidential Republic Era, which initially supported the ideas of Adolf Hitler, although it later moved towards a more indigenous form of fascism. They were commonly known as Nacistas.
  2. there was an attempt to reunify scattered National Socialists forces under a new organisation.They formed the Vanguardia Revolucionaria Nacional whose flag it seems identical to the MSN although this later version had the thunder pointing to the opposite side.
  1. The official language of the Republic of Chile is Spanish (castellano) that is spoken by the whole population.
  2. Due to Chile’s economic growth during the past decades Santiago has become one of Latin America’s most modern cities.
  3. he majority religion in Chile is Christian, with an estimated 61% of Chileans belonging to the Catholic church, 17% Protestant or Evangelical and just 3% with any other religion.
  4. Most people in Santiago visit art museums and theatre performances for fun with their families and art paintings and sculptures are very popular.