Albinism

Achromasia

By:Baran Tokgoz

What is Albinism?

Albinism is a genetic mutation that happens on the TYR gene.Albinism is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.

Symptoms

The most common physical symptoms are White hair, pinkish skin and semi translucent eyes. They also commonly experience vision problems and sensitivity to bright light.

Who is affected?

Anyone can be born as an Albino. Albinism is more common in Nigeria than any other country in the world. Albinism can be spotted in a pregnant word through the use of an electron microscope to examine fetal skin.

Treatment

  1. The child can be taken to a doctor where operations can be performed on their eyes to fix the possible crossed eyes and the bad vision can be treated.The child will live an almost normal life, their skin and hair will always be different and they will need extra protection from the sun but their ocular problems can be treated and they can live a normal life.

Inheritence

There is no way to prevent Albinism it is just something you are born with. If you have Albinism you can still have children but there will be a chance your children will also be born with Albinism.

Albinism Today

Scientists still work for treatments for this disorder. Most of the things are purely cosmetic such as the color of eyes skin and hair. the serious problems such as vision and the sensitive skin are having ongoing treatments being developed. Scientists and doctors have figured out many ways to protect the eyes and skins for people with albinism.

Citations

Bashour,, Mounir. "Albinism Treatment & Management." Albinism Treatment & Management: Medical Care, Surgical Care, Consultations. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2016.

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1200472-treatment

Gibson, Lawrence. "Albinism." - Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2016.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/albinism/basics/definition/con-20029935

Lewis, Richard. "Albinism Treatment & Management." Albinism Treatment & Management: Medical Care, Surgical Care, Consultations. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2016.

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1200472-treatment

Sutherland, Joanne. "Albinism and Genetics." Kids Health. N.p., n.d. Web.

http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/En/HealthAZ/ConditionsandDiseases/GeneticDisorders/Pages/Albinism-and-Genetics.aspx