By: Gerard McGruder, Jordan Davis, Garrett Washington
Process of tattooing
A tattoo machine creates a puncture wound every time it injects a drop of ink into the skin. Since any puncture wound has the potential for infection and disease transmission, much of the application process focuses on safety. Tattoo artists use sterilization, disposable materials and hand sanitation to protect themselves and their clients.To eliminate the possibility of contamination, most tattoo materials, including inks, ink cups, gloves and needles, are single use. Many single-use items arrive in sterile packaging, which the artist opens in front of the customer just before beginning work.
Effects on your skin
The presence of metal salts contained in some tattoo ink pigments can cause redness and swelling around the areas that have been penetrated by tattoo needles. This symptom can last up to three weeks. The FDA further notes that exposure to the sun has caused inflammation around tattoos in some people. This type of inflammation is most often associated with yellow pigmented tattoos, but can also appear in tattoos that use red pigment, as both pigments contain cadmium sulfide, which causes photosensitivity.
Tattoos breach the skin, which means that skin infections and other complications are possible. Specific risks include: Allergic reactions. Tattoo dyes — especially red, green, yellow and blue dyes — can cause allergic skin reactions, such as an itchy rash at the tattoo site. This can occur even years after you get the tattoo. Skin infections. A skin infection — which might cause redness, swelling, pain and a pus-like drainage — is possible after tattooing. Other skin problems. Sometimes bumps called granulomas form around tattoo ink. Tattooing can also lead to keloids — raised areas caused by an overgrowth of scar tissue. Bloodborne diseases. If the equipment used to create your tattoo is contaminated with infected blood, you can contract various bloodborne diseases — including tetanus, hepatitis B and hepatitis C.MRI complications. Rarely, tattoos or permanent makeup might cause swelling or burning in the affected areas during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exams. In some cases, tattoo pigments can interfere with the quality of the image — such as when a person who has permanent eyeliner has an MRI of the eye. Medication or other treatment — including possible removal of the tattoo — might be needed if you experience an allergic reaction to the tattoo ink or you develop an infection or other skin problem near a tattoo. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/tattoos-and-piercings/MC00020
When lasers heat up the ink particles in your skin they can also break tiny blood vessels surrounding the ink. This can cause blistering in the area. These blisters are superficial and are filled with water and ink. The ink in the blisters can cause them to look purple, red, orange or a mixture of colors from your tattoo.http://www.prlog.org/10872269-laser-tattoo-removal-side-effects.html