Downs Syndrome

By: Megan and Brianna

Definition of Downs Syndrome

Defect of chromosome 21, causing disabilities including short stature and a broad facial profile.

What happens to the body?

They have a short neck, short height, slanted shaped eyes, small ears, crooked teeth, stocky legs and arms. It generally affects your face shape and body shape and size. Some possible effects on the body are irregularly shaped mouth and tongue, low muscle tone, and a nasal bridge that looks pushed in.

Medications, treatments and tests

Your doctor will only give you medications for the disease if you are in pain. There are no treatments for Down's Syndrome. There are multiple tests when going through Down's Syndrome, such as screening tests, diagnostic tests, blood tests, ultrasound [if pregnant], first trimester, and second trimester. Down's Syndrome can be diagnosed prenatally.

How common is Down's Syndrome?

Down's Syndrome is becoming more common in the United States. Newborns, children, and teenagers in 10 areas of the U.S is 30% more common over the last 24 years. Down's Syndrome isn't any more common in any race, gender, or group.