Abu Simbel, Egypt

For Ramses II


The Abu Simbel, religious monument, is located in Southern Egypt. More specifically, it is along the West Bank of Lake Nassar. Even more specifically, it is located 230 k.m. southwest of Aswan.


This giant monument is roughly 1500x1800 meters. It is dedicated to the sky gods.As you can see, there are 4 statues representing Ramses in various forms. On October 22nd, as well as February 22nd, sunlight sneaks into the monument and illuminates the four statues.

At the front of the temple we see four giant figures. Each one stands roughly twenty meters in height, with exception to the one with the missing head. If look closely, to the right and left of Ramses's feet we see much smaller figures, which represent his wife and offspring. After time passed the temple becomes completely covered in sand until it is redidscovered in 1813.



In 1284 B.C. construction began on the beautiful monument. It was ordered by Ramses II and dedicated to the sun gods. It took twenty years to build. It was then completely covered in sand, until it was rediscovered in 1813 by J.L. Burckhard. Later he explored it in 1817, and then "borrowed" things from the sacred temple.

Duirng the great years of the 1960s the great temple was at risk from the Aswan dam that was being built. To resolve this problem a porject started to help save the religious monument. Their idea invovled relocating the entire temple, which consisted of 16000+ blocks.


The People that Consider this Place Sacred

The vast tempel most important because it is dedicated to their gods, Aman, Harmarcus, and Pacracus. But mainly represented Ramses II, who's four statues are the main highlight of the front. The Ancient Egyptians consider the Abu Simbel very sacred. it represents their sun gods, and it was dedicated to their long dead pharaoh, Ramses. Infact, they call it "Temple of Ramesses, beloved by Amun." It was built to help remind the Egyptian's of their religion and to help Ramse's show his might to the Nubian people.

You see the Egyptains were not afriad of their polythesic gods, but they were constantly offering things. Their pharoah was believed to somehow be related to the gods, but not exactly one of them.