By: Abby Dell
Evolution of the Elephant
Elephants are classified as a Proboscidea. Proboscidea's are classified as animals with a trunk.
The Moeritherium was the first step in the elephant evolution. It lived 50 million years ago, and is considered an ancestor to all present day elephants. It had a pig-like body and was only 70 cm tall. Even though it resembled them and was semi-aquatic they aren't related to hippos at all.
Palaeomastodon's were members of the Proboscidea family. They lived roughly 35 million years ago. The Palaeomastodon's were characterized as having short upper and lower tusks, the lower tusks were used to scoop plants out of swampy water, they were 3 to 6 feet tall, they weighed up to 2 tons, and, of course, they had a trunk
Mammoths started to show up around 4 millions years ago. You could identify one by looking for the following traits they had large bumps on their heads, both male and females had tusks, their tusks were up to 13 feet long, They were the same size as today's elephants, and they had trunks with two finger like projections (this is similar to the African elephants today).
African elephants are the most recent type of elephants, and they roam the earth now. They live in the African plains and are the largest land mammals on the earth. They can be 7.5 meters long, 3.3 meters high, 6 tons in weight, they have extremely large ears, 2 protruding tusks, and a trunk.