Executive Order 9066

Kenny Nguyen

President Roosevelt felt the need to enact any bill that would protect the security of the United States.

Executive Order No. 9066 The President Executive Order Authorizing the Secretary of War to Prescribe Military Areas Whereas the successful prosecution of the war requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to national-defense material, national-defense premises, and national-defense utilities as defined in Section 4, Act of April 20, 1918, 40 Stat. 533, as amended by the Act of November 30, 1940, 54 Stat. 1220, and the Act of August 21, 1941, 55 Stat. 655 (U.S.C., Title 50, Sec. 104);

Under the Executive Order, the removal all the removal of all residents near military areas as "deemed necessary or desirable" was legal.

Now, therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of War, and the Military Commanders whom he may from time to time designate, whenever he or any designated Commander deems such action necessary or desirable, to prescribe military areas in such places and of such extent as he or the appropriate Military Commander may determine, from which any or all persons may be excluded, and with respect to which, the right of any person to enter, remain in, or leave shall be subject to whatever restrictions the Secretary of War or the appropriate Military Commander may impose in his discretion. The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to provide for residents of any such area who are excluded therefrom, such transportation, food, shelter, and other accommodations as may be necessary, in the judgment of the Secretary of War or the said Military Commander, and until other arrangements are made, to accomplish the purpose of this order. The designation of military areas in any region or locality shall supersede designations of prohibited and restricted areas by the Attorney General under the Proclamations of December 7 and 8, 1941, and shall supersede the responsibility and authority of the Attorney General under the said Proclamations in respect of such prohibited and restricted areas.

Japanese people were given a specific time period for them to evacuate. After the time frame ended, they could not change residence.

Pursuant to the provisions of Civilian Exclusion Order No. 33, this Headquarters, dated May 3, 1942, all persons of Japanese ancestry, both alien and non-alien, will be evacuated from the above area by 12 o' clock noon, P. W. T., Saturday, may 9, 1942. No Japanese person living in the above area will be permitted to change residence after 12 o'clock noon, P. W. T., Sunday, May 3, 1942, without obtaining special permission from the representative of the Commanding General, Souther California, Sector, at the Cicil Control Station located at:

Japanese Union Church,

120 North San Pedro Street,

Los Angeles, California

Japanese families were assisted by the Civil Control Station to help them ease through the registration period.

The Civil Control Station is equipped to assist the Japanese population affected by this evacuation in the following ways:

  1. Give advice and instructions on the evacuation.
  2. Provide services with respect to the management, leasing, sale, storage or other disposition of most kinds of property, such as real estate, business and professional equipment, household goods, boats, automobiles and livestock.
  3. Provide temporary residence elsewhere for all Japanese in family groups.
  4. Transport persons and a limited amount of clothing and equipment to their new residence.

Japanese families were to follow rules while staying at the relocated area, such as no pets and must follow the instructions.

The Following Instructions Must Be Observed:

  1. A responsible member of each family, preferably the head of the family, or the person in whose name most of the property is held, and each individual living alone, will report to the Civil Control Station to receive further instructions. This must be done between 8:00 A. M. and 5:00 P. M. on Monday, May 4, 1942, or between 9:00 A. M. and 5:00 P. M. on Tuesday, May 5, 1942.
  2. No pets of any kind will be permitted.
  3. No personal items and no household goods will be shipped to the Assembly Center.
  4. The United States Government through its agencies will provide for the storage, at the sole risk of the owner, of the more substantial household items, such as iceboxes, washing machines, pianos and other heavy furniture. Cooking utensils and other small items will be accepted for storage if crated, packed and plainly marked with the name and address of the owner. Only one name and address will be used by a given family.
  5. Each family, and individual living alone, will be furnished transportation to the Assembly Center or will be authorized to travel by private automobile in a supervised group. All instructions pertaining to the movement will be obtained at the Civil Control Station.

Shimomura describes the registration process she went through with her friend, Mrs. Sasaki.

February 3, 1942 (Seattle)

I finally decided to register my fingerprints today after putting this off for a long time. Mrs. Sasaki and I went to the post office at the appointed time of 9 a.m. We finished the strict registration two hours later. I felt that a heavy load had been taken off of my mind.

General DeWitt tells Shimomura to prepare for camp where she will spend the next couple of months until they move her to another camp.

April 21, 1942 (Seattle)

At last the order for evacuation was given formally by General DeWitt. There were some limitations to the first move. Kazuo (son) along with some others will leave here on the 28th as an advance party. In haste, we prepared for the leave.

Toku Machida Shimomura's journal entry describing the events the day she left her home in Seattle to arriving at Camp Harmony

April 28, 1942 (Camp Harmony Assembly Center, Puyallup, Wash.)

At last the day had arrived. It was time to leave Seattle, the city where we have lived for such a long time. Even though I tried not to cry, the tears flowed. Our group of 370 working people departed at 9:30 a.m. in a long string of cars and buses. We arrived at Puyallup at 11:30 a.m. We settled into our assigned place, A-2, number 27. We were all very dissatisfied with our army cots and cotton mattresses. Until late at night we heard a mixture of hammering and the crying voices of children. With much difficulty, I was eventually able to fall asleep.

Shimomura describes the horrible conditions she has to face while living in the camp.

July 1, 1942 (Camp Harmony)

The heat is severe and there is no breeze. I heard that some rooms never got below 110 degrees yesterday and that the temperature in the sick room went up to 120 degrees. It was unbearable. During the afternoon I stood under the grandstand to avoid the sun. I stayed there until evening pleasantly conversing with Mrs. Kato and Mrs. Kaneko. I had no appetite today and went to bed exhausted.

Executive Order 9066 Essay

After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States feared that Japanese in America were spies. As a result, President Roosevelt enacted Executive Order 9066 in hopes of protecting the security of the nation. This resulted in the evacuation of over 110,000 Japanese in the west coast from their homes and forced into camps. They were treated harshly and were forced to register by being fingerprinted. Families were unable to bring personal items and most of the time, homes and cars were collected by the government or banks. The Japanese were placed in camps with little comfort and were treated poorly. Little did Roosevelt know, Hitler was placing innocent people in camps at the time as well. Most Japanese people were in camps for as long as three years living in tight quarters and discomfort. The Executive Order 9066 did not specifically target one ethnicity group, but in the end it was clear that the Japanese were discriminated against.

Bibliography

"Executive Order 9066: The President Authorizes Japanese Relocation." Executive Order 9066: The President Authorizes Japanese Relocation. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2014.


Nickell, Joe. "Imprisoned in Minidoka: Grandmother's Diary Memorializes Life as an Interned Japanese American following Attack on Pearl Harbor." Missoulian.com. The Missoulian, 04 Oct. 2009. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.


United States. National Park Service. "The War Relocation Camps of World War II--Document 1--Transcript." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.