By: Aroma Gelani & Andrea Navarro
- fevers and chills
- aching joints and muscles
- swelling of legs, feet or abdomen
- night sweats
- blood in your urine
- tenderness of your spleen
- unexplained weight loss.
- blood tests
- echocardiography: (painless tests, using sound waves to create a picture of your heart)
- transthoracic echo: (painless test, gel is applied to your chest and sounds are again, used to create a picture of your heart on the screen as a device moves around your thoracic region.)
- EKG: (test that detects your hearts electrical activity; determining whether your heart is moving fast, slow, or irregular.)
How is endocarditis treated?
- blood tests help identify the type of microorganism that is infecting your heart
- doctors choose the the best antibiotic or combination of antibiotics to fight the infection
if the infection damages your heart valves then you may have symptoms and complications for years after treatment.
- surgery may be needed to treat persistent infections or to replace a damaged valve
- surgery may also be needed to treat endocarditis that is caused by a fungal infection
Untreated, infective endocarditis is always fatal,and it's prognosis is poor in older people, people who have an infection with resistant organisms, and with people with aortic and multiple valve involvement. Bacterial endocarditis however, is curable 90% of the time.