By Madi Olson
Causes and Risks
- Brain abnormalities: The portions of the brain that control waking from sleep and breathing don't work properly.
- Low birth weight: If the baby is born premature or is a part of a multiple birth, it's more likely for the baby to be underweight and not have a fully developed brain
- Sleeping positions: If a baby sleeps on its stomach or side, it's more likely for them to suffer from SIDS.
- Where the baby sleeps: It is recommended that a baby sleeps in the same rooms as the parents, but not in the same bed, or on a soft surface. Sleeping on a fluffy surface increases the chances of blocking the baby's airways.
Symptoms and Tests
- No symptoms or warning signs
- They seem totally normal when they are put to bed
- Investigation of the death scene
- Electrolytes are checked to rule out dehydration as a cause
- Parents will answer questions such as..
1. When was the baby last fed?
2. Where and in what position did you find the baby?
3. How was the baby sleeping?
4. Were there any recent signs of illness?
- 45% of unexpected deaths of infants are of SIDS
- Since 1990, the rate of SIDS has gone down by from about 130 to 50 deaths out of every 100,000 infant deaths
- SIDS is most common in American Indian and Alaska Natives and least common in Asians
- About 1,500 infants died of SIDS in 2013
"Data and Statistics." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 08 Oct. 2015. Web. 14 Oct. 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/sids/data.htm>.
"Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - Exams and Tests - EMedicineHealth." EMedicineHealth. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2015. <http://www.emedicinehealth.com/sudden_infant_death_syndrome_sids/page5_em.htm>.
"Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)-Topic Overview." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/tc/sudden-infant-death-syndrome-sids-overview>.