Forests

In Central and South America

Where are they?

Many Tropical Rain Forests are located in Central and South America, Southeast Asia,Africa and Australia!
This Biome contains resources that allow for an abundance of varying organisms to thrive and survive and because of the lavish environment, the tropical rain forest is a prime sanctuary. Harboring more life in comparison to any other Biome throughout the entirety of the world.

"Small animals, including monkeys, birds, snakes, rodents, frogs, and lizards are common in the tropical rain forest. Many of these animals and a multitude of insects never set foot on the ground. The animals use the tall trees and under story for shelter, hiding places from their predators, and a source of food!"

Nature at it's BEST

Tropical Rainforest Biome

What impacts the characteristics of this biome?

Temperature

  • Tropical rainforests tend to be rather humid, and the temperature may vary between 70 to 85°F.

  • The annual temperature of tropical rainforests is at the very least above 68°F on average.

  • These rainforests are consistently granted a generous amount of sunshine because of their location when regarding the earth’s equator.

  • Tropical rainforests are gifted approximately 12 hours of sunshine each and every day.


Precipitation

  • rainforests are easily distinguishable by the amount of precipitation that occurs every year.

  • All throughout the year, one can expect excessive amounts of rainfall within the area, that being said the amount of rainfall can annually range between 60 and 160 inches.

  • In some cases, Tropical rainforests along the world can more or less face a precipitation amount of a whopping 400 inches every year.

  • Tropical rainforests can experience violent storms creating as much as 2 inches of rain just within a single hour on the hour.

  • A rainforest may be categorized by the quantity of rainfall that takes place.

What are other abiotic factors that impact that this biome?

  • Humidity

  • Climate as a whole

  • Water vapor

The Canopy

  • The Canopy of the rainforest is practically the highest point in which one can reach. Together, plentiful trees form a roof like structure over the entirety of the forest. Due to this ensemble of trees, sunlight barley surpases it. The lower parts of the rainforest are then deprived of sun. In order to be absorbing such a generous amount of sunshine and surely strong winds, these trees such as large evergreens must be capable of permitting such. Tolerant and flexible for all that may arise above.

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The Understory

  • The Understory is located within the middle level of the forest (regarding a tier like structure). Due to the lack of sun here, specifically speaking it only consists of 5%, shrubs, herbs and vines have all adjusted their way of survival in accordance with it. One plant in particular has discovered a way to work around this obstacle by feeding off of another tree and ultimately robbing the host of it’s sunlight. That plant being the “Strangler Fig”.

The Ground Stratum

  • The Ground Stratum is the lowest level within a rainforest. Engulfed in darkness,very few organisms can actually survive, therefore most vegetation here tends to be scarce. A common sight on the ground level is fungus, plants such as fungus flourish beautifully when put into said areas. The shade and overall dewiness that surrounds this location make for perfect living conditions to bloom.