Preventing Communicable Diseases

By: Allie Leytze

What is a communicable disease?

A communicable disease is a disease that is spread from one person to another through many different ways. Most people call them contagious diseases. These diseases are spread through many different ways. Communicable disease can be spread through physical contact like touch and sexual intercourse. They can also be spread through contaminated objects like food, blood, or water. Another way communicable disease can be spread is through animal bites or insects that are transmitting the disease. Communicable disease can also travel through the air.

What are some communicable diseases?

There are many different communicable diseases. Here are some examples:

Physical Contact:

  • HIV
  • Hepatitis A
  • Influenza
Contact with a contaminated surface:
  • Norwalk virus
  • Salmonella
  • E. Coli
  • Cholera
Bites from insects or animals:
  • Malaria
  • Yellow fever
Travel through air:
  • Tuberculosis
  • Measles

How can I prevent myself from getting these communicable diseases?

There are many ways to prevent yourself from getting these diseases. One way is the handle and prepare food safely. You want to make sure you cook the meal properly so that it isn't under cooked. You also want to wash your hands before touching anyone else's food to prevent germs spreading through that way. You should wash your hands often to keep away germs at all times. You should clean and disinfect commonly used surfaces like door knobs, remotes, and light switches. Bathrooms and kitchens should be disinfected regularly. Coughing and sneezing should be done into your sleeve because many germs and spread through those things. Don't share personal items like razors, toothbrushes, towels, or needles. Vaccinations are very important for fighting these diseases. Also, avoid touching wild animals because they can carry many infectious diseases. Staying home when your sick is another very important thing to do.