Mixed in America

by Ashley Gracia

Industrialization

Political

Capitalism expanded in the United States. The economic system in which the factors of production are privately owned. Money is invested in businesses to make a profit. A monopoly is an exclusive control of a service in a particular market or the control that can cause the manipulation of prices.
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Economic

Technology advances makes producing goods quicker. New machines replace people due to the positive effects they have on making goods. Cotton mills helped produce yarn and cloth quicker and more efficiently.
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Social/Cultural

When the industrial revolution first came to Britain and the U.S., there was a high demand for labor. Families quickly moved from the rural areas to the new

industrialized cities to find work. Once they got there, things weren’t as great as

they expected. To survive in even the lowest level of poverty, every single member of the family had to go to work. This eventually led to a high rise in child labor in factories. The children were not treated well, they were overworked, and underpaid for a long time before anyone tried to change things for them.

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Immigration

Political

Many immigrants came to the United States because of push and pull factors. Many traveled through Angel Island or Ellis Island. The United States became a place where a variety of races or cultures come together, known as the melting pot.
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Economic

Many immigrants came to the United States in search of finding jobs and housing due to the expansion of the country. The Homestead Act opened up settlement in the western United States which allowed people to claim up to 160 acres of federal land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land.
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Social/Cultural

In the 19th century more and more people began crowding into America's cities, including thousands of newly arrived immigrants seeking a better life than the one they left behind. By 1900, more than 80,000 tenements had been built in New York City. They housed a population of 2.3 million people, a full two-thirds of the city's total population

Urbanization

Political

After the populist movement, the people's party was formed to help farmers who were being charged higher rates on loans and trains. They included women in their affairs. They also wanted people to set aside their racial differences in the name of shared economic self-interest.
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Economic

Many buildings, bridges, tunnels, railways were made due to the technological advances in the United States. Many railway lines opened and helped with the increase of transportation of animals and people from one side to the other side of the country.
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Social/Cultural

The populist movement was made by farmers who were discontented because of crop failures, falling prices, poor marketing, and credit facilities. They demanded a graduated income tax, government ownership of the railroads, and the direct elections of senators.
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Progressivism

Political

The Sherman Antitrust Act prohibited certain business activities that Federal government regulators deem to be anti-competitive. It was used to oppose the combination of entities that could potentially harm competition, such as monopolies.

"... [a person] who merely by superior skill and intelligence...got the whole business because nobody could do it as well as he could was not a monopolist..(but was if) it involved something like the use of means which made it impossible for other persons to engage in fair competition." -Senator George Hoar of Massachusetts

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Economic

In "How the other Half lives" by Jacob Riis, he exposes the way poor or new immigrants must live on a daily basis. They slept in very crowded and dangerous slums and had a higher possibilty of getting a disease or getting sick then a normal upper class immigrant.
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Social/Cultural

Seneca Falls, New York, is the birthplace of the women's rights movement in the United States. On July 19, 1848, the first convention dedicated to equal treatment of women opened in this fast-growing village of 4000. During the Seneca Falls meeting abolitionists activists gathered to discuss the problem of women's rights.

"We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal." -Elizabeth Cady Stanton

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Imperialism

Political

The Monroe Doctrine had originally been intended to keep European nations out of Latin America, but the Roosevelt corollary was used as a justification for United States intervention in Latin America.
Monroe Doctrine and the Roosevelt Corollary

Economic

The Dollar Diplomacy aimed at Latin America and East Asia using its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries. The United States would offer loans to the new regime which would then increase the United States financial leverage over the country.
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Social/Cultural

The Social Gospel Movement was a religious movement where some ministers began to tie salvation and good works together.
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World War I

Political

The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Make Germany Pay - The Treaty of Versailles

Economic

After World War I, Germany was forced to pay $33 Billion in reperations. Reperations are compensations of damaged done during the war. Germany was also forced to accept all guilt for starting war.
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Social/Cultural

The League of Nations was an international organization, created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes. Though first proposed by President Woodrow Wilson as part of his Fourteen Points plan for an equitable peace in Europe, the United States never became a member.
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