New Monarchies

After the Hundred Years War

The Hundred Years War

Here is some background information on the Hundred Years War.
The Hundred Years War was a series of conflicts that lasted from 1337 to 1453. It was between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France. This was caused by a dynastic disagreement.The war was divided into four phases, the Edwardian War Era , the Caroline War and the Lancastrian War. French were victorious and the House of Valois maintained throne of France. England lost all continental territory except for the Pale of Calais.

What Are New Monarchies?

They are monarchies that have been attempted to reestablish or centralize power by a king or queen. For example, England, France, and Spain. They had concentrated wealth, small regions had centralized to create the modern geographic borders of European nations, and they clearly held power over the noble class.


The cost of the war strained the economy. At the end of the war, England faced greater turmoil, one civil conflict known has the war of the roses erupted. Noble factions fought to control the monarchy until 1485 when Henry Tudor established a new dynasty.


Spain experienced the growth of a strong national monarchy. Muslims conquered much of Spain. Several independent Christian kingdoms emerged. Isabella and Ferdinand, two rulers worked to strengthen royal control of the government.


Development of a strong french state was advanced by King Louis XI who ruled from 1461 to 1483. He strengthened the use of taille (an annual direct tax). This helped create the foundations of a strong french monarchy.

Russia, Poland, Hungary

Since the 13th century Russia had been under the domination of the mongols. Gradually the princes of Moscow rose to the prominence by using their close relationship to the mongol khans, to increase their wealth and expand their possessions.

The nobles being the upper hand in Poland, established the right to elect their kings.

One king broke the power in Hungary, of the wealthy lords and created a well organized central administration.