Learning More About Law Firm .

Tia T. Sattewhite

Important Words & Definitions You'll Need To Know When Preparing For A Case ( Google Based ).

Plaintiff
Defendant

Complaint

Summons

Pleadings

Pretrial conference

Mediation

Arbitration
Trial

Preponderance of evidence

Verdict

Appeal.

Plaintiff And The Defendant

The plaintiff in a court case is the person who has filed a complaint/charges against the defendant for prosecution by the courts, while the defendant is the person who is refuting the charges and is seeking to prove their innocence.


For Example :


MARY IS TAKING JOHN TO COURT BECAUSE SHE SAYS SHE BROUGHT HIM A RENTAL CAR IN HER NAME BUT HER NEVER MADE ANY PAYMENTS ON THE CAR WHICH CAUSED HER NAME TO BE MESSED UP AT ( AUTOS RENTAL SHOP ) AND HER CREDIT RUINED, SHE IS SUING JOHN FOR 90,000$ DOLLARS TO COVER ALL THE PAYMENTS SHE HAS TO PAY THAT HE REFUSED TO PAY.

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Complaint & Summons

To Answer the complaint, you must go to the clerk's office in the courthouse listed on the summons. Ask for an Answer form which you will fill out with your response to the lawsuit, Then your Answer will go into the court's file.



PS !! You have to keep one copy and send a copy of it to the attorney on the other side.

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Pleadings

Pleading is the beginning stage of a lawsuit in which parties formally submit their claims and defenses. The plaintiff submits a complaint stating the cause of action & the issue or issues in controversy. The defendant submits an answer stating his or her defenses and denials.
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Pretrial conference

    A pretrial conference is a meeting of the parties to a case conducted prior to trial. The conference is held before the trial judge or a magistrate, a judicial officer who possesses fewer judicial powers than a judge. A pretrial conference may be held prior to trial in both civil and criminal cases.


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Mediation

    Mediation law refers to a form of alternative dispute resolution in other terms (ADR) in which the parties to a lawsuit meet with a neutral third-party in an effort to settle the case. The third-party is called a mediator.


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Arbitration

    In arbitration, disputes are resolved, with binding effect, by a person or persons acting in a judicial manner in private, rather than by a national court of law that would have jurisdiction but for the agreement of the parties to exclude it. The decision of the arbitral tribunal is usually called an award."


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Trial

A formal examination of evidence before a judge, and typically before a jury, in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings.
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preponderance of evidence

    Preponderance of the evidence is required in a civil case and is contrasted with "beyond a reasonable doubt," which is the more severe test of evidence required to convict in a criminal trial. No matter what the definition stated in various legal opinions, the meaning is somewhat subjective.


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Verdict

A decision on a disputed issue in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.



You will sometimes hear someone in the jury say " We have reached a verdict "

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Appeal

Make a serious or urgent request, typically to the public.

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Study ! Study ! Study !!!! The Words I Have Given You Should Be Helpful.

These are all the basic most helpful words you will need to know when entering the world of law. Or course there are other words but as i said these are the basics.
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