Down Syndrome

By Maverick Kempf

What is Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is when the body has an extra copy of chromosome 21, you usually have 2. Picture was from- "Chromosome 21 - Down Syndrome." — Center for Mind and Brain. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

Symptoms of Down Syndrome

Symptoms of down syndrome differ from child to child but so here are a few common symptoms
  • Protruding tongue
  • Flattened facial features
  • Short neck
  • Upward slanting eyes, unusual for the child's ethnic group
  • Small head
-Rosario, M., and Susan Barwick. WiseGeek. Conjecture, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Complications of Down syndrome

  • Heart defects. About half the children with Down syndrome are born with some type of heart defect. These heart problems can be life-threatening and may require surgery in early infancy.
  • Leukemia. Young children with Down syndrome have an increased risk of leukemia.
  • Infectious diseases. Because of abnormalities in their immune systems, those with Down syndrome are much more at risk of infectious diseases, such as pneumonia.
  • Obesity. People with Down syndrome have a greater tendency to be obese.

Down Syndrome in families.

Yes, Down Syndrome comes from the genes, but only 1% of that comes from the parents to the child. The age of the mother does not seem to matter when it comes down to it, but in one third of cases one of the parents is a carrier of the chromosome 21

How is Down Syndrome Detected

Down Syndrome is detected by giving the female a screen test which involves a blood testing and a ultrasound. They take the age of the mother and the results from the blood testing which gives them the chances of having a baby with down syndrome. With that if there is a high chance of a baby with down syndrome, there is no cure for this syndrome so the only option is therapy. "What Is Down Syndrome?" - National Down Syndrome Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

Facts

  • Some people who have down syndrome are models.
  • Sometimes it is hard to tell if someone has down syndrome.
  • Most people who have down syndrome are living everyday lives.

Sources


  1. Center for Mind and Brain. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.
  2. "Down Syndrome." Complications. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.
  3. "Down Syndrome." Symptoms. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.
  4. Rosario, M., and Susan Barwick. WiseGeek. Conjecture, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.
  5. "What Is Down Syndrome?" - National Down Syndrome Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.