New Monarchies

Matthew Swift & Josue Hernandez

Issues With Power

Both new and existing dynasties in Europe were being threatened by nobles supporting the opposing candidates over the current rulers. At the same time, these rulers were going through serious financial problems from the war that lasted a time equal to Besse Cooper's life.

The "Recovery" Part

In the fifteenth century, new rulers were making attempts to "reestablish the centralized power of monarchies." The term "New. monarchies" comes from this situation and mainly applies to France, England and Spain toward the end of the fifteenth century.

Wild Western Europe

France was TIRED after the war and the kings used their national feeling toward their common enemy to bring France together and keep royal power fresher, longer. King Louis XI (the eleventh, for those of you who don't know what Roman Numerals are) used his spider powers to develope a strong French state. He enforced an annual direct tax also known as a "taille." He used the tax money to help develope a stronger French Monarchy.

England also suffered from Economy Decline and loss of manpower during the war, and after the war wasn't any better with civil conflicts known as "The War Of Roses." Noble factions were fighting over the new monarchy until Henry Tudor created a new dynasty in 1485. He took care of the civil conflict by abolishing private armies of the nobles. He was also very popular since he didn't give taxes.

The Spain of Pain also grew a very strong monarchy by the end of the fifteenth century. The Christians had also been working furing the Middle Ages to get back Spain from the Muslims. Isabella of Castile had married to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1429 to much further the course of unifying Spain. They had also banished all Muslims and Jews from Spain and created a "most Catholic" Monarchy.