Lyndon B. Johnson

Presidential inaugriation and The Election of 1964

  • Johnson Was sworn into office immediately after JFK's assassination
  • He kept the majority of the Kennedy administration and stuck to JFK's policies
  • Democratic candidate: Lyndon B. Johnson v. 43,129, 566 votes
  • Republican candidate: Barry Goldwater Goldwater opposed the federal income tax, Social Security, TVA, civil rights legislation, the nuclear test-ban treaty and the Great Society. 27,178,188 votes
  • LBJ(Democratic Party ) Won the election by a large margin with the majority vote .

The Great Society

  • New Deal
reforms and welfare aimed to transform American life
Included the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Kennedy's stalled tax bill etc.
  • Gave $1 million towards the development of the Appalachia region
  • War on Poverty, Congress doubled the $ for the Office of Economic Opportunity to $2 million
  • Created the Department of Transportation ad Department of Housing and Development(HUD)
  • Created the National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities to improve American cultural life
  • Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid for the poor
  • Provided education aid directly to students
  • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965-
Abolished the quota system from 1921 in which only a certain amount of immigrants from certain countries were allowed to immigrate
  • Project Head Start- improved education for underprivileged kids who could not afford

24th Amendment

  • 24th Amendment
Intimidation, literacy tests, and poll taxes continued to bar blacks from voting in the Southern states like Mississippi
  • 24th amendment- ratified in January of 1964, abolished the poll tax in federal elections
  • 1964- Black movement in the South sought to open up the polling booths
  • Congress has the power to enforce this via legislation.
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Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War

  • In early August 1964, two U.S. destroyers stationed in the Gulf of Tonkin in Vietnam , when radioed that they had been fired upon by North Vietnamese forces.
  • On August 7, 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution,
  • Authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed that were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.
  • It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization
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Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act

  • This act, signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on July 2, 1964, prohibited discrimination in public places
  • Provided for the integration of schools and other public facilities, and made employment discrimination illegal.
  • This document was the most sweeping civil rights legislation since Reconstruction.
  • Voting law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African American suffrage.
  • Under the law, hundreds of thousands of African Americans were registered and the number of African American elected officials increased dramatically.

WaterShed Year

Assassinations


  • Martin Luther King Junior: Holy Week Uprising, was a wave of civil disturbance which swept the United States following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4, 1968.
  • Robert Kennedy:After winning the California and South Dakota primary elections for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States, Kennedy was shot as he walked through the kitchen of the Ambassador Hotel .

Protests

  • Vietnam protests escalate
  • Women wanted all equal rights with men
  • to hold public office; to work; to fair wages or equal pay; to own property; to education; to serve in the military or be conscripted; to enter into legal contracts; and to have marital or parental rights


Rise of pop and Elvis Presley-


  • One of the most famous singers of all time