Portfolio Part ll

Manufacture Fibers

By: Destinee Taylor

Polyester

Characteristics:

  • Made from coal or petroleum.
  • Strong and often blended with other fibers.
  • Resistant to wrinkling.
  • Shrink and stretch resistant.
  • Easy to care for.
  • Great wash ability.
  • Pills easily.
  • Static buildup


Care:

  • Washing polyester garments by hand, should be use a mild detergent and warm water. Wash carefully and once the garments have been rinsed, you can dry them outside. For machine cleaning, use warm water and choose the permanent press cycle


Uses:

  • Children's wear, shirts, suits

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Nylon

Characteristics:

  • Fist fiber to be manufactured totally from chemicals.
  • Strong durable, elastic.
  • Dries quickly.
  • Resists wrinkles and soil.
  • Washes easily.
  • Heat Sensitive.
  • Clings to the wearer

Care:

  • can be machine washed and tumble dried at low temperatures. Use warm water and add a fabric softener to the final rinse. If ironing is required, use warm iron


Uses:

  • Hosiery, swimwear, windbreakers

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Acrylic

Characteristics:

  • Resembles wool
  • Soft and warm
  • Bulky, yet lightweight
  • Quick drying
  • Strong
  • Wrinkle Resistant
  • Static buildup
  • Pills easily


Care:

  • When machine washing, use warm water setting and add a fabric softener during the final rinse cycle
  • Machine dry at low temperature. Remove from dryer as soon as garments are dry
  • Wash delicate items by hand in warm water
  • If ironing is required, use moderately warm iron


Uses:

  • Terrycloth
  • Bathrobes
  • Knitted garments
  • outdoor furniture fabrics and awnings

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Rayon

Characteristics:


  • Soft, absorbent, and comfortable
  • Inexpensive
  • Stretches and is weak when wet
  • Mildews and wrinkles easily



Care:


  • Always read the garment label
  • Hand washing & line drying rayon clothing
  • Isn't washable it will shrink, stretch and possible bleed dyes all over



Uses:


  • Linings
  • Sports shirts
  • Jackets
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Acetate

Characteristics:
  • Very versatile
  • Inexpensive and easy yo dye
  • Silky, luxurious
  • Deep luster, soft
  • Wrinkles easily
  • Special care needed in cleaning



Care:


  • Hand washing
  • Do not wring or twist garments ad this mat damage fibers



Uses:

  • Neckties
  • Lingerie
  • Bluses
  • Linings
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Spandex

Characteristics:


  • Know for it ability to stretch
  • Resistant to lotions, oils, sun, and perspiration
  • Easily damaged by chlorine bleach
  • Soft, lightweight
  • Durable
  • Nonabsorbent



Care:

  • Hand wash separately in cold water, mild detergent.
  • Do not apply to it chlorine, bleach or fabric softener.
  • Do not rub fabric together.
  • Lay flat to dry, do not wring.
  • Do not iron or dry clean.


Uses:


  • Swim wear
  • Dance wear
  • Exercise wear
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