Chemical Bonding Project
By Gianna Haskin and Alicia Bozeman
An ionic bond is a chemical bond that forms between cations and anions. In purely ionic bonds, atoms completely give up electrons to other atoms. Ionic bonds involve metals and nonmetals, and bonds are formed by the transfer (gain or lose) of electrons. The types of particles present are crystal latist, and it is usually brittle. It is usually solid at room temperature, and dissolves easily. An ionic bond has high melting & boiling temperatures, and high electrical conductivity at solid and liquid form. Most ionic bonds have strong, rigid, crystalline structures and low volatility. A bond is considered ionic when the difference of electronegativity is 1.67 or greater. The valence of an atom is the number of electrons it can gain, lose or share to get a full outer shell. In the case of ionic bonds, atoms can lose or gain electrons depending on their valence which causes them to become positive or negative which then attracts the opposite ion. An ionic bond is the chemical bond resulting from electrostatic attraction between positive and negative ions.