Neuroscience

Structure of the brain

Corpus Callosum

The Corpus Callosum are axon fibers connecting the two cerebral hemispheres.

Thalamus

The thalamus is the brain's sensory control center located on top of the brainstem. It directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla

Hypothalamus

A neural structure lying below the thalamus. It directs several maintenance activities. These include eating, drinking, and body temperature.

Pituitary Gland

Master of endocrine gland. The pituitary gland regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands. The pituitary gland is controlled by the hypothalamus.

Reticular Formation

The reticular formation is a nerve network that travels through the brainstem and thalamus. Helps control arousal (sleep/wake)

Pons

Helps coordinate movement.

Medulla

Controls heartbeat and breathing. Keeps you alive.

Spinal Cord

The spinal cord is the pathway for neural fibers traveling to and from the brain. It also controls the simple reflexes.

Cerebellum

The cerebellum coordinate voluntary movement and balance and supports learning and memories such.

Amygdala

The amygdala is linked to emotion, specifically anger.

Hippocampus

The hippocampus is linked to memory.

Cerebral Cortex

The cerebral cortex is the ultimate control and information-processing center.