The Indus Valley

Everest, Lilly, Coleman, and Laura

Article by Lilly Anthropologist

The Hinduism. To them it was very important to pass on the Vedas text to latter generations usually verbally. The Vedas language is the oldest recorded language and reflects what what they thought, even if not much is known about it. The Indus people were very advanced in many ways for example each house had thick walls acting as insulators keeping them cool in the heat of the summer. They must have had jobs for building and designing homes and part of evolving was branching out in jobs. They communicated by writing on slabs of clay with a stick or sharp object using pictures. Religion was most important in society since they had drawings/carvings all around the cities. People think Indus religion played a big part in Hindu belief Indus Valley had many religious, social, and behavioral patterns. They practiced

Archaeologist, Coleman Marlatt

The objects that helped build and civilize the civilization were elephants, camels, oxen, and wooden carts. The carts were pulled by an animal, such as the oxen. These are the engines that built the Indus Valley.

A writing system started in eastern Asia, which contributed to our own insights from the first stages of development, about 7000-4300 BCE. There were twenty pretty small Neolithic Villages. Peoples their raised cattle, sheep,and goats. This is evidence that the way of those people impacted us because we wouldn't know how to raise livestock or speak our language.

Hallmarks of the Indus civilization started to disappear because the river dried up. The result of that was people started to migrate to the central Indus Valley. Like the Ganya-Yamuna Valley or the fertile plains. But after they migrated to the fertile the river changed course and as a result, major floods happened. Which destroyed Hallmarks of the Indus Valley. That is the legacy of the civilization.

Some direct evidence of goddesses dominance on Indus seals, which like the ancient Sumer seal bring together goddesses, sacred snakes, and such symbols of male power . Sometimes sacrifice would happen to what appeared to be a horned goddess. There are many different types of mythical animals such as the unicorn. This is evidence that there are myths and stories for the Indus Valley.

Geographer Laura

The Indus Valley civilization was located in the highlands, near where today’s port city of Karachi is. The Indus Valley civilization was right by a river, now named Indus River after this civilization. The Indus Valley’s geography lead to their success because they had clay. Clay helped them make vases, bowls, bricks, and even for writing. Clay was also one natural resource, along with wheat, barley, prunes, melons, and cotton. The civilization may have been one of the first to have chickens. They ate the wheat, barley, prunes and melons (and used the seeds to plant more crops) and used the cotton for clothing. All of these they traded as well, mostly with the Mesopotamia civilization.

Being near the Indus River gave them many advantages, like giving them water for drinking, washing, and hygiene. The river also gave the ground nutrients which helped give them better crops. Today, the Indus Valley civilization would be located in north India and Pakistan.

Article by Everest Chew-Historian

The Indus Valley civilization was founded by the Dravidians about 4,500-5,000 years ago. They settled in Sumeria where there were rich lands fertilized by many rivers. There were a lot of clay banks to make bricks too. There were many trees in the Indus Valley so they could bake the bricks well to make them hard.

The Indus Valley people grew to be successful because they domesticated animals and grew many crops to bargain with. They also had the best drainage systems.The Indus Valley rulers administered their cities with trades and religious studies rather than aggresive warlike strength. Each ruler carried a personal seal. The bull is for strength and leadership, the elephant is for goods traded, the buffalo is for defence, the tiger is for minor officers, and the unicorn is for the elite.

In the 700 good years for the Indus Valley, traders came to Harrapa and paid taxes to bring goods and sell them there. The taxes were helpful for keeping the walls of Harrapa up. Until... The traders stopped coming to Harrapa because they complained about the dangers of the forests, deserts, and woods. Since the government didn't have the money to keep up the walls, they had less defence.