Sickle Cell Anemia

Savannah Noack

Basic Information

Meaning

When hemoglobin distorts the red blood cells into a recent shape at low oxygen level

Who is affected by this disease?

Mostly American's but it also happenes to African Americans.

Characteristics

There are 5 main symptoms with sickle cell anemia. They are infections, a lot of pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, and swelling. This condition affects your daily life because you have to manage emotional and social impact, you might look a little different then others. When you have this condition you usually only live for 50 years. When your around 6 months old you are diagnosed with the condition.

Cause

The mutation causing this condition is a change in just one nucleotide. There is one chromosome affected by this and that is chromosome number 11. The name of the gene that is mutated is hemoglobin.

Treatment

The 3 main treatments are medication, blood transfusions, and bone-marrow transplant. There is not cure for this condition yet.
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Other Facts

⚫️The cell does early leaving a shortage of healthy and red blood cells.

⚫️Around 70,000 Americans suffer from the condition

⚫️3,000,000 people a year are born with this condition

⚫️It can be tested using a blood test called hemoglobin

⚫️The reason it's names sickle cell anemia is because the red blood cells form a sickle shape.

Bibliography