Timothy John Berners Lee

"You affect the world by what you browse."

Bywyd Tim Berners Lee

Mae Tim Berners Lee yn wyddonydd cyfrifiadur Prydeinig a ddyfeisiodd y We Fyd Eang.

Cafodd ei eni ar 8 Mehefin, 1955 ac fe'i magwyd yn Llundain. Astudiodd ffiseg ym Mhrifysgol Rhydychen a daeth yn beiriannydd meddalwedd.


Yn 1980, tra'n gweithio yn CERN, y Labordy Ffiseg Gronyn Ewropeaidd yn Genefa, disgrifiodd y cysyniad o system fyd-eang, yn seiliedig ar y cysyniad o 'hyperdestun', a fyddai'n caniatáu i ymchwilwyr yn unrhyw le i rannu gwybodaeth yn gyntaf. Mae hefyd yn adeiladu prototeip o'r new 'Holi'.


Yn 1984, dychwelodd Tim Berners Lee i CERN, a oedd hefyd yn gartref i nod y Rhyngrwyd Ewropeaidd o bwys. Yn 1989, cyhoeddwyd Berners Lee bapur o'r new 'Rheoli Gwybodaeth: R Cynnig' lle priododd i fyny hyperdestun â'r Rhyngrwyd, i grey system ar gyfer rhannu a dosbarthu gwybodaeth nid yn unig o fewn cwmni, ond yn fyd-eang. Enwodd rhyngwryd Y We Fyd Eang.


Hefyd, creuodd y porwr gwe cyntaf a golygydd. Gwefan gyntaf y byd, http://info.cern.ch, ei lansio ar 6 Awst 1991. Esboniwyd cysyniad We Fyd-eang ac yn rhoi defnyddwyr gyflwyniad i gael dechrau gyda eu gwefannau eu hunain.


Yn 1994, sefydlodd Berners Lee Consortiwm y We Fyd-eang yn y Labordy Cyfrifiadureg (LCS) yn y Massachusetts Institute of Technology yn Boston. Mae wedi gwasanaethu fel cyfarwyddwr y consortiwm ers hynny. Mae hefyd yn gweithio fel uwch wyddonydd ymchwil yn LCS sydd bellach wedi dod yn Cyfrifiadureg a Labordy Deallusrwydd Artiffisial.


Urddwyd ef yn farchog yn 2004 gan y Frenhines Elizabeth II am ei wa ith gyda'r rhyngrwyd.


Mae ei lyfr 1999 yn plethu y We a ddisgrifir geni'r We a thwf.


Yn 2004, cafodd Berners-Lee dyfarnwyd Gwobr Technoleg Mileniwm cyntaf, dyfarniad ar sail-Ffindir am ragoriaeth sydd yn cario gwobr ariannol o un filiwn Ewro.

CERN

Mae CERN yn lle mawr - ychydig filoedd o bobl yn gweithio yno. Mae llawer ohonynt yn wyddonwyr y mae eu swyddi mewn prifysgolion mewn gwahanol leoedd yn y byd, ac maent yn dod i CERN oherwydd bod angen defnyddio'r cyflymwyr enfawr yn CERN.

"How I Grew Up"

I grew up in south-west London. I wasn't very good at sports. When I was 11 I went to a school which was between two railway tracks, so I saw lots of trains and started train-spotting. I also had a model railway in my bedroom. It was a long thin layout with a 4-track station in the middle, and on each side pairs of tracks going off into tunnels to actually loop back to each other.

I made some electronic gadgets to control the trains. The I ended up getting more interested in electronics than trains. Later on, when I was in college I made computer out of an old television set. I bought the television from a repair shop down the road for £5 (about $7).


My mother and father were both working with the very early computers when they met. Later on, my mother taught maths in school. They taught me that maths is a lot of fun. (In England, mathematics is "maths", in the USA, "math").

When I went to Oxford University, I studied physics. I thought that science might be more practical than maths, halfway between math and electronics. In fact it turned out to be very special subject all of itself, and fascinating for all that.

Can you tell me more about your personal life?


No, I don't want to - sorry. I like to keep work and personal life separate. What is on the web on this page and my home page is all there is. Please do not email me asking for more information for school projects, etc. Look -- if you had written a program like WorldWideWeb -- which you well might --- would you want everyone to know what you had for breakfast? No, you see? Ok. Thank you for your understanding.

So do you think the Web is basically been a good idea or a bad one?

Some people point out that the Web can be used for all the wrong things. For downloading pictures of horrible, gruesome, violent or obscene things, or ways of making bombs which terrorists could use.


Other people say how their lives have been saved because they found out about the disease they had on the Web, and figured out how to cure it.

I think the main thing to remember is that any really powerful thing can be used for good or evil. Dynamite can be used to build tunnels or to make missiles. Engines can be put in ambulances or tanks. Nuclear power can be used for bombs or for electrical power.

So what is made of the Web is up to us. You, me, and everyone else.

Here is my hope.


The Web is a tool for communicating.


With the Web, you can find out what other people mean. You can find out where they are coming from.


The Web can help people understand each other.


Think about most of the bad things that have happened between people in your life. Maybe most of them come down to one person not understanding another. Even wars.

Let's use the web to create neat new exciting things.

Tim Berners-Lee (M.I.T.), father of the World Wide Web...