Guinea Pig Care

Common and Scientific Names

Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus) Also called the Cavy. They are not called pigs because they are related; they aren't at all. They originated in the Andes.

Physical Characteristics

Delicate bone structure (DON'T SQUEEZE THEM)

Have 14 toes

Eat on all fours unlike most rodents

Having a pugde under their chin means their healthy

Don't have tails


Short legged

Average weight is 30 to 35 oz.

Average length is 8-19 in.

Hair style varies on breed

Color varies

Eyes on the side of their head so they can see forward and backward

Small ears

Sharpe claws

20 teeth

Different Breeds of Guinea Pigs

Skinny Pig

Silkie Guinea Pig

Rex Guinea Pig


Abyssian Guinea Pig


They require fresh water and a lot of fiber every day. Of pellet food you should feed 1/8-1/4 cup per guinea pig per day. As a treat oranges, carrots, leafy greens, peppers and cucumbers are well like. Never give a guinea pig potatoes, cabbage, raisins, avocadoes, or rhubarb.

Exercise Needs

They need a lot of exercise daily and usually need a safe place to run around in. Never put them on wheels or in balls because of the chance of damage to their spines.

Housing Envirnronment

Have very roomy cages for bath rooming, food, water, exercising and burrowing.

The bigger the space the happier the guinea pig. Bedding made of paper about 2-3

Not in direct light, chance of heat stroke.

Place to be alone.

not near anything that gives off loud noises.

Do Not put outside

Proper Care

The type of equipment needed includes:


Pet carrier

Food and Water


Nail trimmers


chew toys

hidey house

Grooming Needs

Needs a bath once every 3 months, keep the cage clean.


Pneumonia is really common in guinea pigs. It is caused by bacteria. There is no way to prevent the disease, but antibiotics can be given.

Guinea pigs also can get diarrhea often. To help prevent this, keeping the animal on a balanced food helps a lot.