Civil Rights Era
By Emma Eells
This is the National Defense Education Act that was enacted in 1958. This authorized $887 million in loans to needy college students and grants for the improvement of teachings in literature and sciences.
Brown v. Board of Education
The Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas is that the justices rules that segregation in the public schools was "inherently unequal" and unconstitutional. This was enacted in 1954.
Rosa Parks was a college educated black seamstress who made history in Montgomery Alabama. She sat in the "white only" section on the bus and refused to give up her seat.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. was a activist and a leader in the Civil Rights movement. He helped create the SCLC. He is primary famous for his "I had a Dream" speech that he said in Washington.
Sweatt v. Painter
Sweatt v. Painter was a ruling in 1950 that separate professional schools for blacks have failed to meet the test of equality. The Supreme Court challenged them for being "separate but equal".
The baby boom was a time in this era where there was a huge leap in the birthrate. All the soldiers were coming home from the war and it was a prime time for people to start having children while they weren't over seas.
The SCLC or the Southern Christian Leadership Conference was held in Atlanta, Georgia in 1957. This was aimed at mobilizing the vast power of the black churches on behalf of black rights.
The SNCC or the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was created in 1960. This gave more focus and force to many of the rights of being a black. This committee lasted about 10 years.
Central High School
Central High School was a prime place of the civil rights era. The National Guard tried to prevent 9 students from enrolling into the school. This caused a direct challenge to federal authority in 1957.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a time in the civil rights era where social and political protest were at an all time high with racial segregation. The campaign lasted about 20 days in 1955.